TODAY July 8 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances[edit]
  • SCUD Day –  stands for Savor the Comic, Unplug the Drama Day, and encourages those of us whose lives might have a touch too much drama to step back, relax, and enjoy the funnier side of life. Relaxation and humor are good for your physical and mental wellbeing, so turn the drama down a notch and enjoy a good laugh instead.
810 – Death of Pepin of Italy (b. 773) son of Charlemagne, King of Italy901 – Death of Grimbald, French-English monk and saint (b. 827)951 – Paris is founded975 – Death of Edgar the Peaceful, English king (b. 943) King of England (959-75)1099 – First Crusade: Fifteen thousand starving Christian soldiers march in a religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.1153 – Death of Eugene III, Bernardo, Italian Pope (1145-53)1153 – Death of Pope Eugene III (b. 1087)1249 – Death of Alexander II, king of Scotland (1215-49), at 511273 – Death of Anno von Sangershausen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (b. unknown)1496 – Death of Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter1497 – Vasco da Gama departs for trip to India1531 – Death of Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, at 711538 – Death of Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)Spanish conquistador (Chile/Peru), at about 631545 – Birth of Don Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip II1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.1608 – The first French settlement at Quebec was established by Samuel de Champlain.1621 – Birth of Jean de La Fontaine, French poet (d. 1695)1623 – Death of Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554) Alessandro Ludovisi, bishop of Bologna/Pope, at 691654 – First Jewish colonist arrive in U.S. (Jacob Barsimson in Manhattan)1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island.1693 – New York City authorizes First police uniforms in American colonies1695 – Death of Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (b. 1629)1709 – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava – Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.1721 – Death of Elihu Yale, American-English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1649)1730 – An estimated magnitude 8.7 earthquake causes a tsunami that damages more than 1,000 km (620 mi) of Chile’s coastline.1755 – Britain broke off diplomatic relations with France as their disputes in the New World intensified.1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.1760 – French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche – British forces defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.1776 – Col. John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence to a crowd gathered at Independence Square in Philadelphia.1777 – Vermont becomes First state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage1778 – George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army1792 – France declares war on Prussia1794 – French troops captured Brussels, Belgium.1795 – Kent County Free School changed its name to Washington College. It was the first college to be named after U.S. President George Washington. The school was established by an act of the Maryland Assembly in 1723.1796 – U.S. State Department issues First American passport1797 – First U.S. senator, William Blount of Tennessee, expelled by impeachment1800 – Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse gives First cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox1808 – Joseph Bonaparte approves the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter intended as the basis for his rule as king of Spain.1815 – Louis XVIII returned to Paris after the defeat of Napoleon.1816 – Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts1819 – Birth of Francis Leopold McClintock, Irish admiral and explorer (d. 1907)1822 – Chippewas turn over a huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.1822 – Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792) Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 291826 – Death of Luther Martin, American politician (b. 1748)1831 – Birth of John Pemberton, American chemist, invented Coca-Cola (d. 1888)1835 – Liberty Bell cracks, again1836 – HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Saint-Helena1838 – Birth of Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and businessman, founded the Zeppelin Airship Company (d. 1917)1839 – Birth of John D. Rockefeller, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company (d. 1937)1844 – Birth of Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator, Boston Cooking School1849 – St. Paul’s Place in the Bronx named1853 – An expedition led by Commodore Matthew Perry arrived in Yedo Bay, Japan, on a mission to seek diplomatic and trade relations with the Japanese.1865 – C.E. Barnes patented the machine gun.1869 – Birth of William V Moody, U.S. poet, Death of Eve, Faith Healer1870 – Congress authorizes registration of trademarks1870 – Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection1873 – Death of Franz Xaver Winterhalter, German painter (b. 1805)1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.1876 – White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, South Carolina. killing 51879 – Sailing ship USS Jeannette departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole. It was the first ship to use electric lights.1881 – Edward Berner, druggist in Two Rivers, WI, poured chocolate syrup on ice cream in a dish. To this time chocolate syrup had only been used for making ice-cream sodas.1882 – Birth of Percy Grainger, Australian-American pianist and composer (d. 1961)1885 – Birth of Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands1885 – Birth of Hugo Boss, German fashion designer (d. 1948)1889 – Birth of Eugene Pallette, born in Winfield, Kansas, actor, Adv of Robin Hood, Mark of Zorro1889 – John L. Sullivan defeated Jake Kilrain, in the last championship bare-knuckle fight. The fight lasted 75 rounds.1889 – The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.1891 – 61 degrees F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia1892 – American Psychological Association organized, Worcester, Massacgysetts1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.1895 – Birth of Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer and director, God and the Worms1898 – Birth of Alec Waugh, London, novelist, Island in the Sun, brother of Evelyn1898 – The death of crime boss Soapy Smith, killed in the Shootout on Juneau Wharf, releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.1900 – Birth of George Antheil, American pianist, composer, and author (d. 1959) Trenton, New Jersey, composer, Airplane Sonata1905 – Birth of Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator and director (d. 1997)1905 – Death of Walter Kittredge, American violinist and composer (b. 1834)1905 – Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center1906 – Birth of Philip Johnson, American architect, designed the IDS Center and PPG Place (d. 2005)1907 – Birth of George W. Romney, American businessman and politician, 43rd Governor of Michigan (d. 1995) U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1969 – 19731908 – Birth of Nelson Rockefeller, American politician, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)1909 – Birth of Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist, Holy Devil1910 – Birth of Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader, ANC/SACP1911 – Nan Aspinwall is First woman to make solo transcontinental trip by horse1913 – Birth of Walter Kerr, New York drama critic, Sad Clowns1915 – Birth of Charles Hard Townes, born in Greenville, South Carolina, physicist, developed lasers1917 – Birth of Glenn Langan, born in Denver, Colorado, actor, Amazing Colossal Man, Margie1917 – Birth of J. F. Powers, American author (d. 1999)1918 – Birth of Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000) born in Liberty, Missouri, actor, Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn1919 – President Woodrow Wilson received a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.1923 – Harding becomes First sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)1929 – Birth of Shirley Ann Grau, American author, Keepers of the House
Louis W. Ballard
Louis W. Ballard (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1931 – Birth of Louis W. Ballard, born in Cherokee, Quapaw, Native American composer, author, artist, wrote ‘Incident at Wounded Knee’1932 – Death of Florenz Ziegfeld, U.S. theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies)1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, closing at 41.22.1933 – Public Works Administration becomes effective
Tribute to Marty Feldman
Marty Feldman (Photo credit: Fernando H. C. Oliveira)
1934 – Birth of Marty Feldman, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1982) born in London, England, comedian, Young Frankenstein1935 – Birth of Steve Lawrence, American singer and actor (Steve and Eydie) born in Brooklyn, singer and actor, Go Away Little Girl, Lonely Guy1935 – Birth of Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, U.S.S.R., cosmonaut, Soyuz 9, 18B1937 – Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan sign the Treaty of Saadabad.1939 – Death of Havelock Ellis, English physician (b. 1859) English sexologist (Man and Woman), at 801941 – All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star1942 – Birth of Chuck Negron, born in Bronx, New York, rock vocalist, 3 Dog Night-Joy to the World1942 – Birth of Janice Pennington, American model and actress, co-founded the Hollywood Film Festival born in Kansas, playmate, May 1971, model, Price is Right1943 – Birth of Faye Wattleton, born in St. Louis, Missouri, sociologist/president, Planned Parenthood1943 – British air raid sinks U-2321944 – Birth of Jai Johanny Johanson, American drummer (The Allman Brothers Band)1944 – Birth of Jeffrey Tambor, born in San Francisco, California, actor, Jeffrey-Ropers, Larry Sanders1944 – Japanese kamakize attacks on U.S. lines at Saipan1946 – Birth of Mort Castle, American author and editor.1946 – Death of Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer and conductor, at 631947 – Demolition work began in New York City for the new permanent headquarters of the United Nations.1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico in what became known as the Roswell UFO incident.1948 – 500th anniversary Russian orthodox church celebrated in Moscow1948 – The United States Air Force accepts its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).1949 – Birth of Wolfgang Puck, Austrian chef and actor1950 – 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)1950 – General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea.1950 – Leroy Deans awarded First Order of Purple Heart in Korea1951 – Birth of Anjelica Huston, American actress, born in Los Angeles, California, actress, Prizzi’s Honor, Alien1951 – Birth of Ned Sublette, born in Lubbock, Texas, composer, musician, musicologist, producer, guitarist, studied classical guitar with Emilio Pujol, composition with Kenneth Gaburo, Cuban music scholar, known for mixing country-western, afro-Caribbean salsa, cumbia, rumba music styles1957 – Death of William Cadbury, chocolate maker, at 891958 – Birth of Carlos Cavazo, rocker, Quiet Riot-We’re Not Gonna Take It1958 – Birth of Kevin Bacon, American actor born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, actor, Diner, Footloose1958 – The first gold record album was presented by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The award went to the soundtrack “Oklahoma!”1959 – Death of Dale Buisand and Chester Ovnand, First Americans killed in Vietnam War1960 – Birth of Jeff Stork, born in Longview, Washington, volleyball setter, Olympics-G-88,B-92, 961960 – The Soviet Union charged Gary Powers with espionage. He was shot down in a U-2 spy plane.1961 – Birth of Andrew Fletcher, English keyboard player (Depeche Mode)1961 – Birth of Graham Jones, rock guitarist, Haircut 1001961 – Birth of Toby Keith, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor born in Clinton, Oklahoma, country singer, hit singles include, ‘Should’ve Been a Cowboy’, ‘How Do You Like Me Now?’, toured with the USO1962 – Birth of Rob Burnett, born in North Caldwell, New Jersey, head writer, David Letterman1962 – Death of Georges Bataille, French philosopher (b. 1897)1963 – All Cuban-owned assets in the United States were frozen. U.S. bans all monetary transactions with Cuba1966 – Birth of Mike Nawrocki, American voice actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Big Idea Entertainment1968 – Birth of Billy Crudup, born in Manhattan, New York, actor, appeared in film, ‘Dedication’, ‘Watchmen’, ‘Public Enemies’, ‘Almost Famous’, ‘Big Fish’
Darren G. Davis
Darren G. Davis (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1968 – Birth of Darren Davis, founder Bluewater Comics.1969 – Birth of George Fisher, American musician (Cannibal Corpse)1969 – Marianne Faithfull took an overdose of barbiturates on the set of the movie “Ned Kely.”1969 – The U.S. Patent Office issued a patent for the game “Twister.”1969 – U.S. troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam1970 – “The Everly Brothers Show” was launched on ABC-TV as a summer series.
Beck at Yahoo! Hack Day
Beck at Yahoo! Hack Day (Photo credit: Scott Beale)
1970 – Birth of Beck, American singer-songwriter and producer, born in Los Angeles, California, born Bek David Campbell, guitarist, singer, multi-instrumentalist, popular recordings include ‘Odelay’, ‘Sea Change’1970 – Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.1971 – U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site1972 – U.S. sells grain to U.S.S.R. for $750 million1973 – Birth of Kathleen Robertson, actress, Beverly Hills 902101973 – Death of Gene L. Coon, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)1974 – U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test1975 – President Ford announced he’ll seek Republican nomination for president1975 – Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated1976 – Birth of Christian Jensen, American author.1977 – Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hours)1978 – Exile’s “Kiss You All Over” was released.1978 – Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus1979 – Congo adopts constitution1979 – Voyager 2 takes First ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea (J14)1981 – France performs nuclear test1981 – Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France1981 – Senate confirms Sandra Day O’Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)1981 – The Solar Challenger became the first solar-powered airplane to cross the English Channel.1982 – “7 Brides for 7 Brothers” opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 5 performances1982 – Assassination attempt against Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in Dujail.1982 – Birth of Pendleton Ward, American animator, screenwriter, and voice actor1984 – Death of Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges), at 731985 – “Playboy” and “Penthouse” magazines went on sale with nude pictures of Madonna.1985 – Birth of Jamie Cook, English guitarist and songwriter (Arctic Monkeys)1985 – Death of Phil Foster, American actor (b. 1913) comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne and Shirley), at 721986 – Farthest thrown object-an “Aerobie” flying ring, 383 m (1,257′)1986 – Kurt Waldheim was inaugurated as president of Austria despite controversy over his alleged ties to Nazi war crimes.1986 – NASA establishes Safety, Reliability Maintain and Quality Assurance1987 – Kitty Dukakis, revealed addiction to amphetamines for 26 years1988 – Rockers Jonathan “Chico” and Robert DeBarge indicted on drug trafficking1988 – Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 19921988 – The Island Express train travelling from Bangalore to Kanyakumari derails on the Peruman bridge and falls into Ashtamudi Lake, killing 105 passengers and injuring over 200 more.1989 – U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.1990 – 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)1994 – Death of Dick Sargent, American actor (b. 1930) actor (Darren-Bewitched), of cancer at 641994 – Death of Kim Il-sung, North Korean commander and politician, President of North Korea (b. 1912)1994 – Kim Jong-il begins to assume supreme leadership of North Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.1994 – Preliminary trial rules there is enough evidence to try O. J. Simpson1994 – Space shuttle STS-65 (Columbia 17), launches1996 – Death of Amschel Mayor James Rothschild, banker, joined family banking firm N M Rothschild & Sons, chief executive of Rothschild Asset Management dies1996 – Death of Amschel Rothschild, banker, at 411996 – The Spice Girls debut single “Wannabe” was released in Great Britain.1997 – NATO invited Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to join the alliance in 1999.1997 – The Mayo Clinic and the U.S. government warned that the diet-drug combination known as “fen-phen” could cause serious heart and lung damage.1998 – Birth of Jaden Smith, American actor and rapper1998 – The Roy Orbison Estate filed a $12 million royalty suit against Sony Music Entertainment Inc.1998 – Two armed men broke into the home of Foxy Brown. Brown and her mother were both in the apartment but suffered no injuries.1999 – Death of Pete Conrad, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930) third man to walk on the moon, at 692002 – Death of William Anthony Swithin Sarjeant, paleontologist/fantasy writer, at 662003 – Death of Ladan and Laleh Bijani, Iranian conjoined twins (b. 1974)2003 – Sudan Airways flight 139 crashes near Port Sudan, killing 1162004 – Death of Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)2004 – Enron founder and former chairman Kenneth Lay pleaded innocent to charges related to the energy company’s collapse. (He was convicted, but died while the case was on appeal.)2007 – Boeing launches its newest aircraft, the Boeing 787 Dreamliner2010 – At least 70 people are killed and 300 wounded in a series of bombings over the three-day Shia pilgrimage to the Musa Kadhim mausoleum in Iraq2010 – The Solar Impulse completed the first 24-hour flight by a solar powered plane.2011 – Death of Betty Ford, American wife of Gerald Ford, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1918) died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 93.2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis takes off to conduct the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program2011 – U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron announces an inquiry into News of the World, allegedly involved in a phone hacking scandal2012 – Death of Ernest Borgnine, American actor (b. 1917)2012 – Death of Lionel Batiste, American singer (Treme Brass Band) (b. 1931)2012 – Death of Martin Pakledinaz, American costume designer (b. 1953)2013 – Pope Francis condemns the ‘global indifference’ to the plight of immigrants who have drowned trying to reach Europe; he honors them in a mass held on Lampedusa, the largest island of the Italian Pelagie Islands in the Mediterranean Sea2013 – The mission of the NASA Curiosity Mars rover begins as it makes way to its destination and drives to Mount Sharp???? – Birth of Russell Dickerson, American illustrator 

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