TODAY July 2 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Flag Day (Curaçao)
    Grainy B&W image of supposed UFO, Passoria, Ne...
    Grainy B&W image of supposed UFO, Passoria, New Jersey Edited version of Image:PurportedUFO NewJersey 1952 07 31.gif. By Bach01. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
  • Independence Day (Bahia)
  • Palio di Provenzano (Siena)
  • Police Day (Azerbaijan)
  • World UFO Day
  • I Forgot Day gives you the chance to make up for forgetting birthdays, anniversaries, and even those days you think you might forget in the future.
311 – St. Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope419 – Birth of Valentinian III, Roman emperor, 425-55437 – Emperor Valentinian III, begins his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ends her regency, but continues to exercise political influence at the court in Rome.626 – Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Xuanwu Gate Incident.706 – In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang inters the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang’an.936 – Death of Henry I the Vogelaar, German king (919-36)/duke of Saxon 912-36, dies1492 – Birth of Elizabeth Tudor, English daughter of Henry VII of England (d. 1495)1504 – Bogdan III the One-Eyed becomes Voivode of Moldavia.1504 – Death of Stephen III of Moldavia (b. 1434)1566 – Death of Nostradamus, French astrologer and author (b. 1503)1679 – Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.1681 – Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high-treason1687 – King James II disbands English parliament1698 – Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.1750 – Birth of Thomas Spence, English author (d. 1814)1776 – The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.Richard Henry Lee’s resolution that the American colonies “are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States” was adopted by the Continental Congress.1777 – Vermont becomes first American colony to abolish slavery1798 – Death of John Fitch, American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies1822 – Death of Denmark Vesey, and 5 aides hanged at Blake’s Landing, Charleston, South Carolina. Thirty-five slaves are hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organizing a slave rebellion.1823 – Bahia Independence Day: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.1834 – Birth of Hendry P G Quack, lawyer/economist/secr Dutch Bank1839 – Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué take over the slave ship Amistad.1843 – An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston South Carolina thunderstorm1847 – Envelope bearing first U.S. 10 cents stamps, still exists today1850 – Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus1850 – Death of Robert “Bobbie” Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 621853 – The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.1857 – New York City’s first elevated railroad officially opened for business.1858 – Czar Alexander II freed the serfs working on imperial lands.1862 – Birth of William Henry Bragg, English physicist, chemist, and mathematician Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1942)1862 – Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges1863 – Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)1864 – General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington D.C.1864 – Statuary Hall in U.S. Capitol forms1865 – William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)1877 – Birth of Hermann Hesse, born in Switzerland, novelist and poet, Steppenwolf, Nobel 19461881 – Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.1890 – The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.1897 – Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtains a patent for radio in London.1900 – Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin first airship LZ-1. The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.1901 – Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana1905 – Birth of Jean-Rene Lacoste, born in France, U.S. Open, 1926, alligator shirt designer1906 – Birth of Alan Webb, actor, King Lear, Taming of Shrew, Challenge of Lassie1908 – Birth of Thurgood Marshall, American jurist, 32nd United States Solicitor General (d. 1993) Thurgood Marshall, born in Maryland, first black Supreme Court justice, 1967-91
Hannes Bok
Hannes Bok (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1914 – Birth of Hannes Bok, American artist and author. (d. 1964)1916 – Birth of Ken Curtis, Curtis Gates, Lamar CO, actor, Ripcord, Festus-Gunsmoke1916 – Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism1921 – Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title first million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier)1921 – World War I: U.S. President Warren G. Harding signs the Knox-Porter Resolution formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany.1922 – Birth of Dan Rowan, born in Beggs, Oklahoma, comedian, Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-in1922 – Birth of Genrikh Matusovich Vagner, composer1922 – Birth of Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer1923 – Birth of Cyril M. Kornbluth, American author (d. 1958)1929 – Birth of Imelda Marcos, Filipino politician, 10th First Lady of the Philippines. Infamous for having so many shoes.1931 – Birth of Robert Ito, Vancouver BC, actor, Sam-Quincy ME1932 – Birth of Dave Thomas, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Wendy’s (d. 2002)1932 – Death of Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10), dies at 431932 – Democrats nominated New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt for president at their convention in Chicago. Franklin D. Roosevelt makes first presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech1934 – The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Röhm. Sometimes called Operation Hummingbird or, in Germany, the Röhm-Putsch, was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934, when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political murders. Leading figures of the left-wing Strasserist faction of the Nazi Party, along with its figurehead, Gregor Strasser, were murdered, as were prominent conservative anti-Nazis (such as former Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher and Gustav Ritter von Kahr, who had suppressed Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch in 1923). Many of those killed were leaders of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary brownshirts.1937 – Aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight at the equator.1937 – Birth of Richard Petty, auto race driver, Daytona 500-1979,811939 – At Mount Rushmore, Theodore Roosevelt’s face was dedicated.1939 – Birth of M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, U.S., sci-fi author, Gameplayers of Zan1939 – Birth of Paul Williams, American singer and choreographer (The Temptations) (d. 1973)1940 – Hitler orders invasion of England1940 – Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.1940 – Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated1941 – Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)1942 – Birth of Georgi Ivanov, born in Bulgaria, cosmonaut, Soyuz 331942 – Birth of Vicente Fox, Mexican politician, 35th President of Mexico1943 – Lt Charles Hall, becomes first black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane1944 – American bombers, as part of Operation Gardening, dropped land mines, leaflets and bombs on German-occupied Budapest.1947 – An object crashed near Roswell, NM. The U.S. Army Air Force insisted it was a
Official seal of City of Roswell
Official seal of City of Roswell (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
weather balloon, but eyewitness accounts led to speculation that it might have been an alien spacecraft.1947 – Birth of Larry David, American actor, screenwriter, and producer born in Brooklyn, New York, comedian, writer, Seinfeld1948 – Birth of Gene McFadden, American singer-songwriter and producer (McFadden & Whitehead) (d. 2006)1949 – Birth of Roy Bittan, American keyboard player and songwriter (E Street Band)1950 – Birth of Johnny Colla, born in California, rock sax, Huey Lewis and The News-Need a New Drug1951 – Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system1953 – Birth of Mark Hart, American guitarist and keyboard player (Crowded House and Supertramp)
Publicity photo of Lawrence Welk and his orche...
Publicity photo of Lawrence Welk and his orchestra from the television program The Lawrence Welk Show. Myron Floren is seen at left with his accordion. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1955 – “Lawrence Welk Show” premieres on ABC1956 – Birth of Jerry Hall, born in Mesquite, Texas, model and Mrs. Mick Jagger, Batman, Freejack1956 – Birth of Kay Kenyon, American author.1956 – Buddy Holly’s first single, “Love Me,” was released.1956 – Elvis Presley recorded “Hound Dog” and “Don’t Be Cruel.”1956 – U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)1957 – First submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback1958 – U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island1959 – “Plan 9 From Outer Space,” one of the worse films ever, premieres
English: Film poster Plan 9 from Outer Space
English: Film poster Plan 9 from Outer Space (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1961 – Death of Ernest Hemingway, American journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899) He shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.1962 – The first Walmart store (called Wal-Mart Discount City) was opened in Rogers, Ark., by Sam Walton and his brother, James.1963 – Death of Alicia Patterson, American publisher, co-founded Newsday (b. 1906)1964 – Death of Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1929) biggest NASCAR money winner, dies in crash1964 – U.S. President Johnson signed the “Civil Rights Act of 1964” into law. The act made it illegal in the U.S. to discriminate against others because of their race and prohibited segregation in public places.1966 – The French military explodes a nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldébaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.1969 – Bassist Noel Redding and drummer Mitch Mitchel quit the Jimi Hendrix Experience.1971 – Birth of Richard Myles, American producer, actor and composer.1972 – “Fiddler on the Roof” closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 3242 performances1972 – Birth of Darren Shan, Irish author1972 – Death of Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious leader, 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)1972 – India and Pakistan sign peace accord1973 – Death of Betty Grable, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1916)1973 – Death of Swede Savage, dies of injuries at Indianapolis 5001973 – Nation Black Network begins operation on radio1974 – Birth of Rocky Gray, American drummer, guitarist, and songwriter (Evanescence, We Are the Fallen, Living Sacrifice, Soul Embraced, and Mourningside)1976 – Fall of the Republic of Vietnam; Communist North Vietnam declares their union to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.1976 – For the first time in 12 years, Brian Wilson joined the Beach Boys on stage. The next night the show was recorded for an NBC Beach Boys special.1976 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the death penalty was not inherently cruel or unusual.1977 – Birth of Carlton Mellick, III, American author.1977 – Death of Vladimir V Nabokov, Russian/US writer (b. 1899) (Lolita), dies at 781979 – The U.S. Mint officially released the Susan B. Anthony coin in Rochester, NY. First U.S. coin to honor a woman1980 – Grateful Dead’s Bob Weir and Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement1980 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter reinstated draft registration for males 18 years of age.1981 – Bruce Springsteen played the first show ever at the 21,000 seat Brendan Byrne Meadowlands Arena in New Jersey.1981 – Soyuz T-6 returned to Earth.1982 – Larry Walters using lawn chair and 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000′1984 – Birth of Johnny Weir, American figure skater1984 – Epic Records set a record as two million copies of the Jacksons’ “Victory” were shipped to stores. It was the first time that such a large initial shipment had been made.1985 – European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley’s Comet Flyby)1985 – General Motors announced that it was installing electronic road maps as an option in some of its higher-priced cars.1986 – Birth of Lindsay Lohan, American actress and singer1986 – Rodrigo Rojas and Carmen Gloria Quintana were burnt alive during a street demonstration against the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet in Chile.1986 – Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings1986 – The Prince movie “Under The Cherry Moon” was released. It was his second movie.1987 – Death of Michael Bennet, choreographer (Chorus Line), dies of AIDS at 441990 – Imelda Marcos and Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering1990 – Panic in tunnel of Mecca, 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death1990 – Representatives of the Italian Catholic Church announced that they would attempt to halt Madonna’s concerts in Rome because of her alleged inappropriate use of crucifixes and sacred symbols.1991 – “Dr. Demento 20th Anniversary Collection: The Greatest Novelty Records of All Time” was released.1991 – Axl Rose (Guns ‘n’ Roses) sparked a riot during a concert outside of St. Louis when he jumped off the stage and attacked a fan who was videotaping the concert. 60 people were hurt.1993 – Death of Fred Gwynne, American actor (b. 1926 )actor (Herman-Munsters), dies of pancreatic cancer at 661994 – Death of Andres Escobar, Colombia world cup soccer star(b. 1967), shot for losing to US1994 – John Wayne Bobbitt and Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery1994 – U.S. Air DC-9 crash in North Carolina, 37 killed1995 – “Forbes” magazine reported that Microsoft’s chairman, Bill Gates, was the worth $12.9 billion, making him the world’s richest man. In 1999, he was worth about $77 billion.1997 – Death of James Stewart, American actor and singer (b. 1908), actor, It’s a Wonderful Life, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, dies at 891998 – Cable News Network (CNN) retracted a story that alleged that U.S. commandos had used nerve gas to kill American defectors during the Vietnam War.1998 – Death of Kay Thompson, American Author1999 – Death of Mario Puzo, American author and screenwriter (b. 1920) writer, The Godfather, dies at 782000 – In Mexico, Vicente Fox Quesada of the National Action Party (PAN) defeated Francisco Labastida Ochoa of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in the presidential election. The PRI had controlled the presidency in Mexico since the party was founded in 1929.2001 – The AbioCor self-contained artificial heart is first implanted.2002 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.2003 – President George W. Bush promised to deal harshly with those who attack American troops in Iraq, saying “bring them on.”2005 – Death of Norm Prescott, American actor, composer, and producer, co-founded Filmation Studios (b. 1927)2005 – MTV and VH1 aired the eight hours of the Live 8 concerts. The performances, featuring artists U2, Coldplay, Madonna, Dave Matthews Band, Jay-Z and Destiny’s Child among many others, were held in eight cities to raise awareness of poverty in Africa.2005 – The original members of Pink Floyd performed at the Live 8 concerts in London. It was the first time the group had played together in more than 24 years.2007 – President George W. Bush commuted the sentence of former aide I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, sparing him from a two-and-half-year prison term in the CIA leak case.2010 – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel states he will not apologize to Turkey for the Gaza flotilla clash, and that the injured will not receive any compensation2012 – The first space-bound Orion spacecraft is unveiled in Cape Canaveral, FloridaFlorida by NASA and Lockheed Martin2013 – Death of Anthony Llewellyn, Welsh-American astronaut (b. 1933)2013 – Death of Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist, invented the computer mouse (b. 1925)2013 – Planet Pluto receives names for its fourth and fifth moons; the International Astronomical Union names them Kerberos and Styx2013 – Reports that Pope John Paul II will be canonized are confirmed as his case awaits approval from Pope Francis, and confirmation of an alleged second miracle from the Vatican Congregation for the Causes of Saints???? – Birth of Debbie Kuhn, American author.???? – Birth of John Prescott, American author. 

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