TODAY June 24 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Bannockburn Day (Scotland)
  • Battle of Carabobo Day (Venezuela)
  • Day of the Caboclo (Amazonas State, Brazil)
  • Discovery Day, observed on the nearest Monday (Newfoundland and Labrador)
  • Earliest day on which Mother’s Day can fall, while June 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in June. (Kenya)
  • Feast of Ra?mat (Bahá’í Faith)
  • Inti Raymi, a winter solstice festival and a New Year in the Andes of the Southern Hemisphere (Sacsayhuamán)
  • St John’s Day and the second day of the Midsummer celebrations (although this is not the astronomical summer solstice, see June 20) (Roman Catholic Church, Northern Europe), and its related observances:
  • Jaanipäev (Estonia)
  • J??i (Latvia)
  • Jónsmessa (Iceland)
  • Midsummer Day (England)
  • National Holiday (Quebec)
  • Saint Jonas’ Festival or Jonin?s (Lithuania)
  • Sânziene (western Carpathian Mountains of Romania)
 109 – Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north-west of Rome.451 – 10th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet474 – Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.637 – The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dalriada. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland.843 – Vikings destroy Nantes972 – Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place.1128 – Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: forces led by Alfonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself “Prince of Portugal”, the first step towards “official independence” that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique.1314 – Death of Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester, English commander (b. 1291)1314 – Death of Robert de Clifford, First Baron de Clifford, English soldier, Lord Warden of the Marches (b. 1274)1314 – Death of Sir Henry de Bohun, English knight, felled by Robert I of Scotland at the beginning of the Battle of Bannockburn1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: the Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognize Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton.1322 – Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time1340 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Sluys – The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.1374 – A sudden outbreak of St. John’s Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.1386 – Birth of John of Capistrano, Italian priest and saint (d. 1456)1396 – Crusaders under earl of Nevers reach Vienna1397 – Sultan Bajezid I release caught crusaders free, for ransom1398 – Death of Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)1439 – Death of Frederick IV, Duke of Austria (b. 1382)1441 – Eton College founded by Henry VI1497 – John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings. John Cabot claims eastern Canada for England (believes he found Asia in Nova Scotia)1509 – Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England.1527 – Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking Roman Catholic possessions1529 – Zurich and catholic kantons sign Peace of Kappel1540 – Henry VIII divorces his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves1542 – Birth of John of the Cross, Spanish mystic and saint (d. 1591)1571 – Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines.1597 – The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).1604 – Samuel de Champlain discovers the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.1648 – Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine1664 – New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.1675 – King Philip’s War began when Indians massacre colonists at Swansee, Plymouth colony.1692 – Kingston, Jamaica founded1717 – The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London, England.1778 – David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia1795 – U.S. and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, First U.S. extradition treaty1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon’s Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning the invasion of Russia.1813 – Battle of Beaver Dams: a British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army.1813 – Birth of Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer (d. 1887)1817 – First coffee planted in Hawaii on Kona coast1821 – The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.1842 – Birth of Ambrose Bierce, American author (d. 1914)
Ambrose Bierce-1
Ambrose Bierce-1 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1843 – Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy1844 – Charles Goodyear was granted U.S. patent #3,633 for vulcanized rubber.1846 – Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished1859 – At the Battle of Solferino, also known as the Battle of the Three Sovereigns, the French army led by Napoleon III defeated the Austrian army under Franz Joseph I in northern Italy.1861 – Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from US1869 – Mary Ellen “Mammy” Pleasant officially became the Voodoo Queen in San Francisco, CA.1880 – First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.1881 – 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla Mexico1883 – Birth of Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)1884 – John Lynch is first black elected chairman of Republican convention1885 – Samuel David Ferguson becomes first U.S. black bishop1893 – Birth of Roy O. Disney, American businessman, co-founded The Walt Disney Company (d. 1971)1894 – Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years1895 – Birth of Jack Dempsey, American boxer (d. 1983)1896 – Booker T. Washington became the first African American to receive an honorary MA degree from Howard University.1897 – Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas1901 – First exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris1901 – Birth of Chuck Taylor, American basketball player and salesman (d. 1969)
Chuck Taylors Squircle
Chuck Taylors Squircle (Photo credit: Adventures in Librarianship)
1902 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.1908 – Death of Grover Cleveland, American politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (b. 1837)1915 – 800 die as excursion steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago1915 – Birth of Fred Hoyle, English astronomer (d. 2001)1916 – Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.1918 – First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.1923 – Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied1924 – Birth of Archie Roy, Scottish astronomer and academic (d. 2012)1930 – First radar detection of planes, Anacostia DC1930 – Birth of William Bernard Ziff, Jr., American publisher (d. 2006)1931 – The Soviet Union and Afghanistan signed a treaty of neutrality.1932 – A bloodless Revolution instigated by the People’s Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand).1938 – Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth’s atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania.1939 – Pan Am’s First U.S. to England flight1939 – Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country’s third prime minister.1940 – France signed an armistice with Italy during World War II.1940 – TV cameras were used for the first time in a political convention as the Republicans convened in Philadelphia, PA.1941 – Birth of Charles Whitman, American murderer (d. 1966)1941 – Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy Lithuania, exterminated1941 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt pledged all possible support to the Soviet Union.1942 – Birth of Arthur Brown, English singer (Kingdom Come and The Crazy World of Arthur Brown)1944 – Birth of Chris Wood, English saxophonist (Traffic and Ginger Baker’s Air Force) (d. 1983)1944 – Birth of Jeff Beck, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (The Yardbirds, The Jeff Beck Group, The Honeydrippers, and Beck, Bogert & Appice)1944 – Birth of Kathryn Lasky, American author1945 – Birth of Colin Blunstone, English singer-songwriter (The Zombies and Keats)1945 – Birth of George Pataki, American politician, 53rd Governor of New York1946 – Birth of Robert Reich, American economist and politician, 22nd United States Secretary of Labor1946 – Death of Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)1947 – Birth of Mick Fleetwood, English-American drummer and actor (Fleetwood Mac and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers)1947 – Jackie Robinson swipes home for First of 19 times in his career1947 – Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
The letter with a drawing of flying saucers or...
The letter with a drawing of flying saucers or flying disks submitted by pilot Kenneth Arnold to Army Air Force intelligence on July 12, 1947. Source: (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1948 – Birth of Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player and songwriter (Yes, The Moody Blues, and Refugee)1948 – Start of the Berlin Blockade: the Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible.1949 – Birth of John Illsley, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Dire Straits)1949 – The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.1950 – Birth of Mercedes Lackey, American author1951 – Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations1953 – John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier announced their engagement.1953 – KSWS (now KOBR) TV channel 8 in Roswell, New Mexico (NBC) begins broadcasting1956 – WISC TV channel 3 in Madison, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting1957 – “I Love Lucy,” last airs on CBS-TV1957 – Birth of Astro, English rapper (UB40)1957 – In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.1959 – Birth of Andy McCluskey, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (The Id, Dalek I Love You, and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark)1961 – Birth of Curt Smith, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Tears for Fears and Graduate)1961 – Birth of Dennis Danell, American singer and guitarist (Social Distortion) (d. 2000)1961 – Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait1964 – The Federal Trade Commission announced that starting in 1965, cigarette manufactures would be required to include warnings on their packaging about the harmful effects of smoking.1965 – John Lennon’s second book, “A Spaniard in the Works” was published.1966 – Bombay-New York Air India flight crashes into Mont Blanc (Switzerland), 117 die1966 – Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I1967 – Birth of Richard Z. Kruspe, German guitarist (Rammstein, Emigrate, and First Arsch)1968 – “Resurrection City,” a shantytown constructed as part of the Poor People’s March on Washington D.C., was closed down by authorities.1968 – Deadline for redeeming silver certificate dollars for silver bullion1969 – Death of Willy Ley, German-American historian and author (b. 1906)1970 – “Catch 22″ opens in movie theaters1972 – Yvonne Braitwaite Burke becomes First black chair in Dem convention1973 – Marlene Raymond (15), limboes under a flaming bar at 6 1/8”1974 – Birth of Vinnie Fiorello, Drummer for the American ska-punk band Less Than Jake, co-founder of Fueled by Ramen and founder of Paper + Plastick1975 – Eastern 727 crashes at JFK Airport New York, kills 1131975 – Moon tremor perceived, hit by Taurid meteors1981 – The Humber Bridge is opens to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years.1982 – “The Jakarta Incident”: British Airways Flight 9 flies into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.1982 – Equal Rights Amendment goes down to defeat1982 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that no president could be sued for damages connected with actions taken while serving as President of the United States.1983 – 7th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 lands at Edwards AFB1985 – 18th Space Shuttle Mission (51-G)-Discovery 5 returns to Earth1987 – Death of Jackie Gleason, American actor and singer (b. 1916)1991 – Death of Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-American author (b. 1917)1992 – Billy Joel, gets an honorary diploma from Hicksville High School at 431992 – John Gotti begins life sentence in jail1997 – The Air Force released a report on the so-called “Roswell Incident,” suggesting the alien bodies witnesses reported seeing in 1947 were actually life-sized dummies.1998 – AT&T Corp. struck a deal to buy cable TV giant Tele-Communications Inc. for $31.7 billion.1998 – Walt Disney World Resort admitted its 600-millionth guest.2000 – KISS auctioned off memorabilia from their touring days. The items brought in $876,000 on the first day of the two day event.2002 – A painting from Monet’s Waterlilies series sold for $20.2 million.2002 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that juries, not judges, must make the decision to give a convicted killer the death penalty.2003 – Beyoncé Knowles released her debut solo album “Dangerously in Love”.2003 – In Paris, France, manuscripts by novelist Georges Simenon brought in $325,579. The original manuscript of “La Mort de Belle” raised $81,705.2004 – Federal investigators questioned President George W. Bush for more than an hour in connection with the news leak of a CIA operative’s name.2004 – In New York, capital punishment is declared unconstitutional.2005 – Death of Paul Winchell, American voice actor and ventriloquist (b. 1922)2006 – Death of Patsy Ramsey, American model, Miss West Virginia 1977 (b. 1956) Patsy Ramsey, who was thrust into the national spotlight by the unsolved slaying of her daughter JonBenet, died at age 49.2009 – After going AWOL for seven days, South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford admitted that he had secretly flown to Argentina to visit his mistress.2010 – Apple released the iPhone 4.2010 – Brazilian storms in Alagoas and Pernambuco states kill 46 people2010 – John Isner of the U.S. defeated Nicolas Mahut of France at Wimbledon in the longest-ever professional match: 11 hours, 5 minutes over three days. (Isner won the fifth set 70-68.)2011 – New York State legalized same-sex marriage.2011 – The cell phone of Osama bin Laden’s courier is reported to contain contacts with Harakat-ul-Mujahadeen, suggesting potential ties to Pakistan’s intelligence agencies2012 – Fox News reporter and Opus Dei member Greg Burke is selected by Pope Benedict XVI as secretariat of state
Lonesome george
Lonesome george (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
2012 – Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, the last known Pinta Island Tortoise is found dead in the Galapagos Islands2013 – Death of Alan Myers, American drummer (Devo) (b. 1955)2013 – Death of James Martin, English computer scientist and author (b. 1933)2013 – The worst monsoon season in 50 years rages on as Northern India prepares for more rain???? – Birth of Stephen Pisani, American actor and musician.

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