TODAY June 23 – Sunni’s History Notes

English: Sholes Typewriter, 1873. Museum, Buff...
English: Sholes Typewriter, 1873. Museum, Buffalo Historical Society. 1873 was the year Sholes and Densmore approached Remington and sold them their typewriter patent. So this is as far as the amateur inventors got, before it was taken over by the industrial company. Note the positions of M, C, and X. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Holidays and observances 
  • Typewriter Day
  • Let It Go Day
  • Pink Day
  • Father’s Day (Nicaragua, Poland, Uganda)
  • Grand Duke’s Official Birthday (Luxembourg)
  • National Day of Remembrance for Victims of Terrorism (Canada)
  • St John’s Eve and the first day of the Midsummer celebrations [although this is not the real summer solstice; see June 20] (Roman Catholic Church, Northern Europe):
  • First day of Golowan Festival (Cornwall)
  • First night of Ivan Kupala Day
  • Jaaniõhtu (Estonia)
  • Last day of Dr?gaica fair (Buz?u, Romania)
  • L?go (Latvia)
  • United Nations Public Service Day (International)
  • Victory Day (Estonia)
  79 – Death of Vespasian, Roman emperor (b. 9) 930 – World’s oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, established 1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins. 1456 – Birth of Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland (d. 1486) 1532 – Henry VIII and François I sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V. 1683 – William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty “not sworn to, nor broken” 1713 – The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada. 1763 – Birth of Joséphine de Beauharnais, French wife of Napoleon I (d. 1814) 1776 – Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to U.S. Congress 1784 – First U.S. balloon flight, 13 year old Edward Warren 1794 – Empress Catherine II of Russia grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev. 1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war. 1848 – Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
Antoine Joseph Sax
Antoine Joseph Sax (Photo credit: tonynetone)
1860 – The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office. 1860 – U.S. Secret Service created 1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the “Type-Writer.” 1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada creating the nation’s first national park, Banff National Park. 1888 – Frederick Douglass becomes first African-American nominated for president 1894 – Birth of Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956) 1894 – Birth of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (d. 1972) 1894 – The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin. 1910 – Birth of Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader, 15th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 2008) 1912 – Birth of Alan Turing, English mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1954) 1914 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta. 1919 – Estonian War of Independence: the decisive defeat of the Baltische Landeswehr in the Battle of Cesis. This day is celebrated as Victory Day in Estonia. 1925 – Landslides create 3-mile long “Slide Lake” (Gros Ventre Wyoming) 1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam. 1926 – The first lip reading tournament in America was held in Philadelphia, PA. 1927 – Birth of Bob Fosse, American actor, dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 1987) 1928 – Birth of Michael Shaara, American author (d. 1988) 1929 – Birth of June Carter Cash, American singer-songwriter and actress (Carter Family and The Carter Sisters) (d. 2003) 1931 – Aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane. 1936 – Birth of Richard Bach, American author 1938 – Marineland opened near St. Augustine, Florida. 1938 – New York City Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway 1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States. 1940 – Birth of Stuart Sutcliffe, Scottish-English bass player (The Beatles) (d. 1962) 1941 – Lena Horne recorded “St. Louis Blues.” 1941 – The Lithuanian Activist Front declares independence from the Soviet Union and forms the Provisional Government of Lithuania; it lasts only briefly as the Nazis will occupy Lithuania a few weeks later. 1942 – World War II: Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales. 1942 – World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a train full of Jews from Paris. 1944 – 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153 1946 – The 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake strikes Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 1947 – The Senate joined the House in overriding President Harry S. Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act, which allows the president to intervene in labor disputes. 1948 – Birth of Clarence Thomas, American judge 1948 – Birth of Myles Goodwyn, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (April Wine) 1949 – 1st 12 women graduate from Harvard Medical School 1950 – Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women 1951 – British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to U.S.S.R. 1951 – Most expensive U.S. hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage and $14M property-Kansas) 1951 – Soviet U.N. delegate Jacob Malik proposed cease-fire discussions in the Korean War. 1954 – 122 degrees F (50 degrees C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994) 1955 – Birth of Glenn Danzig, American singer-songwriter and producer (Misfits, Samhain, and Danzig) 1955 – Walt Disney’s “Lady and the Tramp” released 1956 – Birth of Randy Jackson, American bass player and producer 1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt. 1958 – Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers 1958 – Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2 years in Little Rock 1959 – A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim (Norway) kills 34 people. 1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career. 1960 – “Pat Boone Show,” last airs on ABC-TV 1960 – Japan signs security treaty with the U.S. 1961 – Cold War: the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent, comes into force after the opening date for signature set for the December 1, 1959. 1961 – USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,830 m 1963 – Birth of Wesley Warren, Jr., American elephantiasis victim (d. 2014) 1964 – Birth of Joss Whedon, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1965 – Smokey Robinson & The Miracles released “Tracks Of My Tears”. 1966 – Birth of Chico DeBarge, American singer and pianist (DeBarge) 1966 – Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas. 1969 – Software Industry IBM announced that effective January 1970 it would price its software and services separately from hardware thus creating the modern software industry. 1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren. 1970 – Chubby Checker and 3 others were arrested in Niagra Falls after marijuana and unidentified drug capsules were found in Checker’s car. 1972 – Hurricane Agnes is costliest natural disaster in American history 1972 – Title IX of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to prohibit sexual discrimination to any educational program receiving federal funds. 1972 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s investigation into the Watergate break-ins. 1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England which kills a six year old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale. 1974 – First extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space 1975 – Rocker Alice Cooper falls off stage in Vancouver, breaks 6 ribs 1976 – CCN Tower in Toronto, tallest free-standing structure, 555 m, opens 1979 – Charlie Daniels Band releases “Devil Went Down to Georgia” 1979 – Rock group, the Knack releases “My Sharona” 1980 – “David Letterman Show,” debuts on NBC-TV daytime 1980 – First solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation 1981 – New York City mayor Koch turns down a $7,500 offer to perform comedy 1982 – -117 degrees F; All time low at South Pole 1982 – Chinese American Vincent Chin dies in a coma after being beaten in Highland Park, Michigan on June 19, by two auto workers who had mistaken him for Japanese and who were angry about the success of Japanese auto companies. 1982 – Himmy, of Australia, weighs in at domestic cat record 20.7 kg (45 lb) 1983 – Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat 1983 – U.S. Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions 1985 – A terrorist bomb aboard Air India Flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland killing all 329 aboard. 1986 – Pedro Morales swims world record 100m butterfly (52.84) 1986 – Tip O’Neill, Representative-D-Massachusetts, refuses to let Reagan address House 1987 – Madonna was on the cover of “Cosmopolitan” magazine. 1989 – Movie “Batman” premieres 1990 – A rally to save Alien Nation from cancellation held at Statue of Liberty 1990 – Moldavia declares independence 1990 – Police find marijuana at Chuck Berry’s home 1990 – TV Guide selects Arsenio Hall as TV personality of year 1991 – Mazda becomes 1st Japanese car to capture Le Mans 24 hour race 1992 – Emmy 19th Daytime Award presentation – Susan Lucci loses for 13th time 1992 – John Gotti, convicted of racketeering charges, was sentenced in New York to life in prison. 1992 – Rabin wins Israeli parliamentary election 1993 – Lorena Bobbitt of Prince William County, Va., sexually mutilated her husband, John, after he allegedly raped her. 1995 – Death of Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (b. 1914) 1996 – Nintendo 64 goes on sale in Japan 2003 – Apple Computer Inc. unveiled the new Power Mac desktop computer. 2003 – In London, Eminem gave a $450,000 necklace to a fan in the front row of a concert. He had announced while from the stage that “I’m going to give this to the sexiest woman I see.” 2005 – Former Ku Klux Klansman Edgar Ray Killen was sentenced to 60 years in prison for the 1964 Mississippi slayings of three civil rights workers. 2005 – Roger Ebert received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 2006 – Death of Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Spelling Television (b. 1923) 2009 – Death of Ed McMahon, American game show host and announcer (b. 1923) 2011 – Death of Peter Falk, American actor (b. 1927) 2011 – It is determined that the 20111 E. coli O104:H4 bacterial outbreak that began in Germany in May 2011 resulted from a combination of two dangerous E. coli strains 2011 – Japan’s Iwate prefecture experiences a 6.7 magnitude earthquake 2012 – Death of Frank Chee Willeto, American politician, 4th Vice President of the Navajo Nation (b. 1925) 2013 – Former President of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, is receiving care for a lung infection that has worsened, leaving him in critical condition 2013 – In Arizona, aerialist Nik Wallenda completed a quarter mile tightrope walk over the Little Colorado River Gorge.2013 – Death of Richard Matheson, American author and screenwriter (b. 1926)
English: American science fiction author Richa...
English: American science fiction author Richard Matheson. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
    

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