TODAY June 22 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Onion Rings Day
  • Chocolate Éclair Day
  • Anti-Fascist Struggle Day (Croatia)
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Great Patriotic War (Belarus)
  • Teachers’ Day (El Salvador)
 217 BC – Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV Philopator of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom.168 BC – Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat Macedonian King Perseus who surrenders after the battle, ending the Third Macedonian War.431 – Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens662 – Birth of Rui Zong, Chinese emperor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 716)1276 – Death of Pope Innocent V (b. 1225)1342 – Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reconning)1377 – Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England1527 – Fatahillah chased away Portugal from Sunda Kelapa harbour, and peoples celebrated it as birthday of Jakarta, Indonesia.1559 – Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted1611 – English explorer Henry Hudson, his son and several other people were set adrift in present-day Hudson Bay by mutineers.1633 – The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe in the form he presented it in, after heated controversy. (On Oct 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong.)1675 – Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II1740 – King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion and freedom of the press1757 – Birth of George Vancouver, English navy officer and explorer (d. 1798) In Canada, Vancouver Island and the city Vancouver are named for him, as are Vancouver, Washington in the United States, Mount Vancouver on the Yukon/Alaska border and New Zealand’s fourth highest mountain.
Probably George Vancouver, by unknown artist. ...
George Vancouver, by unknown artist. 
1772 – Slavery was outlawed in England.1774 – The British pass the Quebec Act, setting out rules of governance for the colony of Quebec in British North America.1775 – 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)1783 – A poisonous cloud caused by the eruption of the Laki volcano in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.1807 – In the Chesapeake–Leopard Affair, the British warship HMS Leopard attacks and boards the American frigate USS Chesapeake leading to the War of 1812.1808 – Zebulon Montgomery Pike reaches the top of what will become known as Pike’s Peak.1812 – Napoleon’s Grand Army invades Russia1813 – War of 1812: After learning of American plans for a surprise attack on Beaver Dams in Ontario, Laura Secord sets out on a 30 kilometer journey on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon.1815 – 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)1825 – The British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.1832 – John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine1837 – Birth of Ernst Ziller, German-Greek architect, designed the Presidential Mansion (d. 1923)1839 – Cherokee leaders Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot are assassinated for signing the Treaty of New Echota, which had resulted in the Trail of Tears.
English: A plain glazed donut. This was bought...
English: A plain glazed donut. This was bought at a Dunkin’ Donuts in Brooklyn. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1847 – Birth of the doughnut. New England ship’s captain’s mother (Elizibeth Gregory) made a fried dough, using spices from the cargo on the ship. The captain, Hansen Gregory, claims credit for the hole in the center of the doughnut.1848 – Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for president1849 – Stephen C. Massett opens courthouse using only piano in California1851 – Fire destroys part of San Francisco1856 – Birth of H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)1868 – Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.1870 – The first Boardwalk in America was built in Atlantic City, New Jersey.1870 – The U.S. Congress created the Department of Justice.1873 – Prince Edward Island joins Canada1874 – Dr. Andrew Taylor Still began the first known practice of osteopathy.1874 – Game of lawn tennis introduced1893 – The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet’s commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.1897 – British colonial officers Charles Walter Rand and Lt. Charles Egerton Ayerst are assassinated in Pune, Maharashtra, India by the Chapekar brothers and Mahadeo Vinayak Ranade, who are later caught and hanged.1903 – Birth of John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)1906 – Birth of Billy Wilder, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)1906 – The flag of Sweden is adopted.1907 – The London Underground’s Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opens.1909 – The first transcontinental auto race ended in Seattle, WA.1910 – First Zeppelin with passengers sets afloat1910 – Birth of Konrad Zuse, German computer scientist and engineer, invented the Z3 computer (d. 1995)1911 – George V and Mary of Teck are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.1915 – BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service1918 – The Hammond Circus Train Wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana.1922 – Birth of Bill Blass, American fashion designer, founded Bill Blass Limited (d. 2002)1933 – Birth of Dianne Feinstein, American politician, 38th Mayor of San Francisco1933 – Germany became a one political party country when Hitler banned parties other than the Nazis.1936 – Birth of Kris Kristofferson, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (The Highwaymen)1936 – Virgin Islands receives a constitution from U.S., Organic Act1938 – Heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling of Germany in the first round of their rematch in New York City’s Yankee Stadium.1939 – The first U.S. water-ski tournament was held at Jones Beach, on Long Island, New York.1940 – France was forced to sign an armistice eight days after German forces overran Paris during World War II.1940 – SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands1941 – Birth of Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)1941 – Germany, Italy and Romania declares war on Soviet Union during WW II. Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa.1941 –Michael Gerasimov opens the grave of Tamerlan “Lenk” on orders from Stalin. Legend tells that people of Samarkand protested against the opening, claiming that digging out the bodies would lead to a catastrophe – and the opening of the tomb coincided with Hitler’s attack against the Soviet Union.1942 – Erwin Rommel is promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk.1944 – Birth of Peter Asher, English singer, guitarist, and producer (Peter & Gordon)1944 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, commonly known as the G.I. Bill, authorizing a broad package of benefits for World War II veterans.1945 – The World War II battle for Okinawa ended; 12,520 Americans and 110,000 Japanese were killed in the 83-day campaign.1946 – Jet airplanes were used to transport mail for the first time.1947 – Birth of David Lander, American actor (played Squiggy on Laverne and Shirley)1947 – Birth of Howard Kaylan, American singer-songwriter (The Turtles, The Mothers of Invention, and Flo & Eddie)1947 – Birth of Octavia E. Butler, American author (d. 2006)1948 – Birth of Todd Rundgren, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Nazz, Utopia, and The New Cars)1949 – Birth of Larry Junstrom, American bass player (38 Special and Lynyrd Skynyrd)
The Bionic Woman
The Bionic Woman (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1949 – Birth of Lindsay Wagner, American actress (Bionic Woman)1949 – Birth of Meryl Streep, American actress and singer1952 – Birth of Graham Greene, Canadian actor1953 – Birth of Cyndi Lauper, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (Blue Angel)1954 – Birth of Freddie Prinze, American comedian and actor (d. 1977) (Chico and the Man)1954 – Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands1954 – In Christchurch (New Zealand) Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme murder Pauline’s mother because they think she is in the way of their close friendship (movie Heavenly Creatures by Peter Jackson in 1994). See Parker–Hulme murder case.1955 – Birth of Green Gartside, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist (Scritti Politti)1956 – Birth of Derek Forbes, Scottish bassist and sometime guitarist (Simple Minds)1956 – Birth of Tim Russ, American actor, director, and screenwriter1958 – Birth of S. T. Joshi, America author, literary scholar and critic, cat lover (hence the nickname: “S. T. Lovecat”)
S. T. Joshi
S. T. Joshi
1958 – Birth of Bruce Campbell, American actor, director, and producer1958 – Birth of Jennifer Finney Boylan, American transgender author and academic1959 – Birth of Alan Anton (Cowboy Junkies)1959 – “Along Came Jones” by Coasters peaks at #91959 – Chuck Berry’s “Memphis” was released.1959 – Eddie Lubanski bowled 2 perfect games (24 consecutive strikes) in a bowling tournament in Miami, FL.1959 – Most Phillies strike out in a game (16 by Sandy Koufax)1959 – Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to San Francisco voyage1960 – Birth of Erin Brockovich, American lawyer and environmentalist1961 – Beatles record Aint She Sweet, Cry for a Shadow, When the Saints Go Marching In, Why, Nobody’s Child and My Bonnie, in Hamburg1961 – Birth of Jimmy Somerville, Scottish singer-songwriter (Bronski Beat and The Communards)1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies, killing 113.1962 – Birth of Bobby Gillespie, Scottish singer-songwriter (Primal Scream, The Jesus and Mary Chain, and The Wake)1963 – “Little” Stevie Wonder (13) releases “Fingertips”1963 – The Safaris’ “Wipe Out” was released.1964 – Birth of Mike Edwards (Jesus Jones)1964 – Birth of Dan Brown, American author1964 – The U.S. Supreme Court voted that Henry Miller’s book, “Tropic of Cancer”, could not be banned.1966 – “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” opens1966 – Birth of Schoolly D, American rapper and actor1967 – The drug possession trial of Rolling Stone members Mick Jagger and Keith Richards opened in London.1968 – Mason Williams’ “Classical Gas” was released.1969 – Blind Faith’s first and only LP was released.1969 – Cleveland’s Cuyahgo River catches fire, triggering a crack-down on pollution in the river.1969 – Death of Judy Garland, American actress and singer (b. 1922)1970 – Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 are constitutional1970 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signed an extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It required that the voting age in the United States to be 18.1973 – Birth of Carson Daly, American television host1973 – Dutch High Council stops fluorine addition to drink water1973 – George Harrison releases “Living in the Material World”1973 – Skylab astronauts splashed down safely in the Pacific after a record 28 days in space.1977 – Death of Peter Laughner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Rocket From the Tombs and Pere Ubu) (b. 1952)1977 – Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell began serving a sentence for his role in the Watergate cover-up.1977 – Walt Disney’s “Rescuers” released1978 – James W. Christy and Robert S. Harrington discovered the only known moon of Pluto. The moon is named Charon.1978 – Neo-Nazis call off plans to march in Jewish community of Skokie, Illinois1979 – Little Richard quits rock and roll for religious pursuit1980 – Jim King begins riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours1980 – The Soviet Union announced a partial withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan.1981 – Iran president Bani Sadr deposed1981 – John McEnroe exhibits a disgraceful act of misbehavior at Wimbledon1981 – Mark David Chapman pleaded guilty to killing rock musician John Lennon.1982 – Manhattan institutes bus-only lanes1983 – “Monty Python’s The Meaning of Life,” released in France1983 – First time a satellite is retrieved from orbit, by Space Shuttle1984 – Virgin Atlantic Airways launches with its first flight from London Heathrow Airport.1987 – Death of Fred Astaire, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1899)1990 – Billy Joel became the first rock artist to perform at Yankee Stadium.1990 – Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled in Berlin.1990 – Death of Kripp Johnson, American singer (The Del-Vikings) (b. 1936)1990 – Florida passes a law prohibiting wearing throng bathing suits1991 – Underwater volcano, Mount Didicas, erupts in Philippines1992 – Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg are identified as Czar Nicholas II and wife1992 – The Supreme Court unanimously ruled that hate-crime laws that ban cross-burning and similar expressions of racial bias violate free-speech rights.1993 – Death of Pat Nixon, American economist and educator, 44th First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)1998 – The 75th National Marbles Tournament began in Wildwood, NJ.1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that evidence illegally obtained by authorities could be used at revocation hearings for a convicted criminal’s parole.1999 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that persons with remediable handicaps cannot claim discrimination in employment under the Americans with Disability Act.2002 – An earthquake measuring 6.5 Mw strikes a region of northwestern Iran killing at least 261 people and injuring 1,300 others and eventually causing widespread public anger due to the slow official response.2002 – Death of Ann Landers, American journalist (b. 1918)2008 – Death of George Carlin, American comedian, actor, and author (b. 1937)2009 – Eastman Kodak Company announces that it will discontinue sales of the Kodachrome Color Film, concluding its 74-year run as a photography icon.2011 – President Barack Obama announced he would pull home 33,000 troops from Afghanistan by the following summer.2012 – Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo is removed from office by impeachment and succeeded by Federico Franco.2012 – The Philippines lends $1 billion to the International Monetary Fund2012 – The Sudanese city of Khartoum requires security forces to break up anti-austerity protests2013 – The Canterbury Region of New Zealand experiences the worst flooding in 20 years; Leeston and Lyttelton are the towns hardest hit2013 – UNESCO officially names Mount Fuji a World Heritage Site

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