TODAY June 21 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Day of the Martyrs (Togo)
  • Father’s Day (Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Uganda)
  • Go Skateboarding Day
  • National Aboriginal Day (Canada)
  • Solstice-related observances (also see June 20):
  • Day of Private Reflection
  • National Day (Greenland)
  • We Tripantu, a winter solstice festival in the southern hemisphere. (Mapuche in southern Chile)
  • World Music Day
  • World Humanist Day (Humanism)
  • World Hydrography Day
 217 BC – The Romans, led by Gaius Flaminius, are ambushed and defeated by Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene.533 – A Byzantine expeditionary fleet under Belisarius sails from Constantinople to attack the Vandals in Africa, via Greece and Sicily.996 – Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III Roman Catholic German emperor of Elzas1002 – Birth of Pope Leo IX (d. 1054)1305 – Death of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia (b. 1271)1307 – Külüg Khan is enthroned as Khagan of the Mongols and Wuzong of the Yuan.1377 – Death of Edward III of England (b. 1312)1404 – Owain Glyndwr established a Welsh Parliament at Machynlleth and was crowned Prince of Wales.1498 – Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian1527 – Death of Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and author (b. 1469)1547 – Great fire in Moscow1582 – Death of Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534) Sengoku jidai: Oda Nobunaga, the most powerful of the Japanese daimyo, was forced to commit suicide by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide.1607 – 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown1621 – Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.1633 – Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to “abjure, curse, and detest” his Copernican heliocentric views1684 – King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter1732 – Birth of Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1791)1734 – In Montreal in New France, a slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique is put to death, having been convicted of setting the fire that destroyed much of the city.1749 – Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded.1759 – Birth of Alexander J. Dallas, American lawyer and politician, 6th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1817)1768 – 1st U.S. bachelor of medicine degree, Dr. John Archer1768 – James Otis, Jr. offends the King and Parliament in a speech to the Massachusetts General Court.1788 – The U.S. Constitution went into effect when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.1792 – Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil and Mexicana off Vancouver, BC1821 – African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (New York City)1834 – Cyrus McCormick patented the first practical mechanical reaper for farming. His invention allowed farmers to more than double their crop size.1839 – Birth of Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1908)1850 – Birth of Daniel Carter Beard, American author and illustrator, co-founded the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)1859 – Andrew Lanergan received the first rocket patent.1863 – Birth of Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)1868 – Wagner’s opera “Meistersinger von Nuernberg,” premieres in Munich1876 – Death of Antonio López de Santa Anna, Mexican general and politician 8th President of Mexico (b. 1794)1877 – The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants convicted of murder, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.1879 – F. W. Woolworth opens 1st store, failed almost immediately1893 – The Ferris Wheel was introduced at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, IL.1900 – Boxer Rebellion. China formally declares war on the United States, Britain, Germany, France and Japan, as an edict issued from the Empress Dowager Cixi.1902 – Birth of Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1937)1903 – Sherlock Holmes “Adventure of Mazarine Stone” takes place1903 – Birth of Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (d. 2003)1903 – Birth of Hermann Engelhard, German middle-distance runner (d. 1984)1904 – Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade “Dougherty as a Yankee,” 1st known reference to New York club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)1905 – Birth of Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and author (d. 1980)1908  – Birth of Cleve Cartmill, American author (d.1964)1912 – Birth of Mary McCarthy, American author (d. 1989)1913 – Georgia “Tiny” Broadwick became the first woman to jump from an airplane.1915 – The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.1916 – Mexican troops beat U.S. expeditionary force under General Pershing1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed are the last casualties of World War I.1921 – Birth of Jane Russell, American actress and singer (d. 2011)1933 – 1st Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans1938 – In Washington, U.S. President Roosevelt signed the $3.75 billion Emergency Relief Appropriation Act.1938 – Birth of Michael M. Richter, German mathematician and computer scientist1939 – Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Lou Gehrig quit baseball due to illness.1942 – Temperatures reach 129 degrees F (54 degrees C), Tirat Zevi, Israel1942 – World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by Japan against the United States mainland.1944 – Birth of Ray Davies, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Kinks)1945 – Pan Am announced an 88-hour round-the-world flight at a cost of $700.1945 – World War II: The Battle of Okinawa ends when the organized resistance of Imperial Japanese Army forces collapses in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island.1947 – Birth of Meredith Baxter, American actress and producer1947 – Birth of Michael Gross, American actor1948 – Frist stored computer program runs, on Manchester Mark I1952 – Birth of David J. Skal, American author
David J. Skal and Jason V Brock during the filming of The Ackermonster Chronicles.
David J. Skal and Jason V Brock during the filming of The Ackermonster Chronicles.
1954 – The American Cancer Society reported significantly higher death rates among cigarette smokers than among non-smokers.1954 – Death of Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American engineer, developed the zipper (b. 1880)1955 – Johnny Cash’s first single, “Cry Cry Cry,” was released.1956 – Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere1956 – East Germany frees almost 19,000 prisoners1957 – Birth of Berkeley Breathed, American author and illustrator1957 – Birth of Mark Brzezicki, English rock drummer (Big Country, The Cult, Ultravox, and Procol Harum)1958 – Linus Pauling and Detlev Bronke, both Americans, were elected to the Soviet Academy of Science.1961 – Birth of Kip Winger, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Winger)1961 – Birth of Sascha Konietzko, German keyboard player and producer (KMFDM, MDFMK, Excessive Force, Schwein, and KGC)
Sascha Konietzko
Sascha Konietzko (Photo credit: ataferner)
1962 – USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 75,190 m1963 – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was chosen to succeed the late Pope John XXIII as head of the Roman Catholic Church, taking the name Paul VI.1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
American comic book author and screenwriter St...
American comic book author and screenwriter Steve Niles. Taken at the 2007 Scream Awards (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1965 – Birth of Steve Niles, American author1969 – Zager and Evans release “In the Year 2525”1969 – Birth of Christa Faust, American author.
Christa Faust
Christa Faust (Photo credit: Mark Coggins)
1971 – 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert, McCrea Louisiana1973 – Birth of Juliette Lewis, American actress and singer (Juliette and the Licks)1973 – In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test for obscenity in U.S. law.1975 – Elton John, Eagles and Beach Boys play Wembley1975 – James Taylor’s “How Sweet It Is” was released.1975 – Ritchie Blackmore quit Deep Purple to form Rainbow.1975 – Soyuz 19 returns to Earth1978 – Andrew Lloyd Webber and Rice’s musical “Evita,” premiers in London1979 – Death of Angus MacLise, American drummer and songwriter (Velvet Underground and Theatre of Eternal Music) (b. 1938)1981 – 12-bottle case of 1979 Napamedoc Cabernet wine auctioned for $24,0001981 – Donald Fagan and Walter Becker announced the break-up of Steely Dan.1981 – Socialists/communists win French parliamentary election1981 – Birth of Brandon Flowers, American singer-songwriter (The Killers)1982 – John Hinckley found not guilty of 1981 attempted assassination of President Reagan by reason of insanity1982 – Paul McCartney releases “Take it Away”1982 – Birth of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge1983 – Birth of Edward Snowden, American intelligence contractor and whistleblower1985 – American, Brazilian and West German forensic pathologists confirm skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele1985 – Ron Howard directed his first music video for “Gravity” by Michael Sembello.1986 – “Living on Video” by Trans-X peaks at #611986 – “Vienna Calling” by Falco peaks at #181989 – The New Kids on the Block released “Hangin’ Tough.”1989 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that burning the American flag as a form of political protest was protected by the First Amendment.1990 – Little Richard received a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame.1992 – Actress Marina Sirtis, Star Trek NG, marries rocker Michael Lamper1993 – “Camelot” opens at Gershwin Theater New York City for 56 performances1993 – English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat1993 – STS-57 (Endeavour) launches into orbit1994 – Steffi Graf becomes 1st defending tennis champ to lose in 1st round of a major tournament (Wimbledon to Lorrie McNeal)1997 – Women’s National Basketball Association begins as New York Liberty beats LA Sparks1999 – Pantera rode a float in the Dallas Stars Stanley Cup victory parade in downtown Dallas. Pantera is responsible for the Stars’ theme song.2000 – Section 28 (of the Local Government Act 1988), outlawing the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality in the United Kingdom, is repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.2001 – Total solar eclipse in Madagascar-Atl Ocean (4m56s)2001 – Death of Carroll O’Connor, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1924)2001 – Death of John Lee Hooker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1916)2004 – SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan and piloted by Mike Melvill, reached 328,491 feet above Earth in a 90 minute flight. The height is about 400 feet above the distance scientists consider to be the boundary of space.2005 – Edgar Ray Killen, an 80-year-old former Ku Klux Klansman, was found guilty of manslaughter in the deaths of three civil rights workers in Philadelphia, Miss., 41 years to the day earlier.2006 – Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially named Nix & Hydra.2010 – Dhaka’s University of Engineering and Technology in Bangladesh is shut down after a student rampage injures four people because of 2010 FIFA World Cup fever2010 – Faisal Shahzad, a Pakistan-born U.S. citizen, pleaded guilty to charges of plotting a failed car bombing in New York’s Times Square. (He was later sentenced to life in prison.)2011 – Over 270,000 people in Illinois experience a power failure due to thunderstorms and funnel clouds2011 – Volcanic ash from the 2011 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle eruption in Chile continues to disrupt flights in Australia2013 – The first human case of the H6N1 virus is discovered in Taiwan2013 – The U.S. officially charges Edward Snowden with espionage

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