TODAY June 19 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Day of the Independent Hungary (Hungary)
  • Feast of Forest (Palawan)
  • Juneteenth (United States, especially African Americans)
  • Labour Day (Trinidad and Tobago)
  • Laguna Day (Laguna)
  • Never Again Day (Uruguay)
  • Surigao del Norte Day (Surigao del Norte)
  • Surigao del Sur Day (Surigao del Sur)
  • World Sickle Cell Day (International)
  • World Sauntering Day
 240 BC – Eratosthenes estimated the circumference of the Earth using two sticks.1269 – King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.1586 – English colonists sailed away from Roanoke Island, NC, after failing to establish England’s first permanent settlement in America.1623 – Birth of Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1662)1778 – U.S. General George Washington’s troops finally left Valley Forge after a winter of training.1816 – Birth of William H. Webb, American shipbuilder and philanthropist, founded the Webb Institute (d. 1899)1862 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln outlined his Emancipation Proclamation, which
Photograph of a reproduction of the Emancipati...
Photograph of a reproduction of the Emancipation Proclamation (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
outlawed slavery in U.S. territories. The U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dred Scott v. Sandford.1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 41 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.1867 – Maximilian I of the Second Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro.1893 – Birth of Madeleine Astor, American survivor of the Sinking of the RMS Titanic (d. 1940)1902 – Birth of Guy Lombardo, Canadian-American violinist and bandleader (d. 1977)1903 – Birth of Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)1903 – The young school teacher, Benito Mussolini, was placed under investigation by police in Bern, Switzerland.1910 – The first Father’s Day was celebrated in Spokane, Washington.1911 – In Pennsylvania, the first motion-picture censorship board was established.1912 – The U.S. government established the 8-hour work day.1914 – Birth of Lester Flatt, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1979)1917 – During World War I, King George V changed the British royal family’s German-sounding surname, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, to Windsor.1934 – The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the United States’ Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The commission was to regulate radio and TV broadcasting (later).1934 – The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration was established.1939 – In Atlanta, GA, legislation was enacted that disallowed pinball machines in the city.1942 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington, DC, to discuss the invasion of North Africa with U.S. President Roosevelt.1942 – Norma Jeane Mortenson (Marilyn Monroe) and her 21-year-old neighbor Jimmy Dougherty were married. They were divorced in June of 1946.1943 – Henry Kissinger became a naturalized United States citizen.1947 – Birth of Salman Rushdie, Indian author1948 – Birth of Phylicia Rash?d, American actress and singer1948 – Birth of Chet Williamson, American author1950 – Birth of Ann Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Heart)1951 – Birth of Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian terrorist, 2nd leader of al-Qaeda1951 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signed the Universal Military Training and Service Act, which extended Selective Service until July 1, 1955 and lowered the draft age to 18.1952 – “I’ve Got a Secret” debuted on CBS-TV.1953 – Birth of Larry Dunn, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (Earth, Wind & Fire)1953 – Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, American spies, are executed at Sing Sing, in New York.1954 – Birth of Kathleen Turner, American actress
Wanna Say That to My Face
Wanna Say That to My Face (Photo credit: Thomas Hawk)
1954 – Tasmanian Devil, debuts in “Devil May Hare” by Warner Bros1955 – Mickey Mantle hits career home run # 1001958 – In Washington, DC, nine entertainers refused to answer a congressional committee’s questions on communism.1959 – Birth of Mark DeBarge, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player (DeBarge)1960 – Loretta Lynn records “Honky Tonk Girl”1961 – Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom.1961 – The Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland’s constitution requiring state officeholders to profess a belief in God.1962 – Birth of Paula Abdul, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress1962 – Birth of Peter Bradshaw, British film critic and writer1963 – Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth1964 – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate.1967 – Muhammad Ali is convicted for refusing induction in U.S. Army1967 – Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD1968 – 50,000 people marched on Washington, DC. to support the Poor People’s Campaign.1972 – Birth of Robin Tunney, American actress1973 – The stage production of “The Rocky Horror Picture Show” opened in London.1976 – U.S. Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth1978 – “Best Little Whorehouse…” opens at 46th St. New York City for 1577 performances1978 – Garfield, holder of the Guinness World Record for the world’s most widely syndicated comic strip, makes its debut.1980 – Donna Summer became the first act to sign with Geffen Records.1981 – “Superman II” set the all-time, one-day record for theater box-office receipts when it took in $5.5 million.1981 – Heaviest known orange (2.5 kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, South Africa1981 – India’s APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched1981 – The European Space Agency sent two satellites into orbit from Kourou, French Guiana.1982 – In one of the first militant attacks by Hezbollah, David S. Dodge, president of the American University in Beirut, is kidnapped.1982 – The body of “God’s Banker,” Roberto Calvi, is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.1983 – “Octopussy” premieres in US1984 – “Weird Al” Yankovic gives free live performance at Del Mar Fair1987 – Ben and Jerry Ice Cream and Grateful Dead’s Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia1987 – The Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to teach creation science as well.1988 – Over 3,000 East Germans gathered at the Berlin Wall to hear Michael Jackson. Jackson was performing a concert on the other side of the wall in West Berlin.1988 – World’s Largest Sausage completed at 13 miles long1989 – The movie “Batman” premiered.1991 – 2 of Mia Farrow’s daughters arrested for shoplifting lingerie1992 – Evander Holyfield beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavywgt boxing title1998 – A study released said that smoking more than doubles risks of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s.1998 – Gateway was fined more than $400,000 for illegally shipping personal computers to 16 countries subject to U.S. export controls.1998 – Loretta Lynn appeared on the Friday Night Opry.1998 – Switzerland’s three largest banks offered $600 million to settle claims they’d stolen the assets of Holocaust victims during World War II. Jewish leaders called the offer insultingly low.
Stephen King, American author best known for h...
Stephen King
1999 – Stephen King was struck from behind by a mini-van while walking along a road in Maine.2000 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a group prayer led by students at public-school football games violated the 1st Amendment’s principle that called for the separation of church and state.2004  – Death of Fred M. Meyer(b. 1926) Secretary of The International Wizard of Oz
baum bugle aut/2003
baum bugle aut/2003 (Photo credit: cdrummbks)
Club and editor of the Baum Bugle. (Not the same Fred Meyer as the retail store chain)2008 – The iTunes Music Store reached 5 billion songs sold.2011 – The 2011 Paris Air Show features the international debut of the new Boeing 747-82012 – In the Najran Province of Saudi Arabia, a man is beheaded on charges of sorcery and witchcraft2013 – Death of Slim Whitman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)2013 – Microsoft takes negative feedback into account, and announces plans to change many features of its Xbox One2014 – Felipe VI, Prince of Asturias, rises to the Spanish throne following the prior abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I.???? – Birth of Sandy Rozanski???? – Birth of Josephine Ates, author

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