TODAY June 18 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Autistic Pride Day (International)
  • Evacuation Day (Egypt)
  • Foundation Day (Benguet)
  • National Day (Seychelles)
  • Waterloo Day (United Kingdom)
 618 – Li Yuan becomes Emperor Gaozu of Tang, initiating three centuries of Tang Dynasty rule over China.1178 – Five Canterbury monks see what is possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the Moon’s distance from the Earth (on the order of meters) are a result of this collision.1264 – The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.1429 – French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeat the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turns the tide of the Hundred Years’ War.1621 – The first duel in America took place in the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts.1633 – Charles I, is crowned King of Scots at St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh1667 – The Dutch fleet sailed up the Thames toward London.1684 – The charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony is revoked via a scire facias writ issued by an English court.1767 – Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.1812 – The War of 1812 began as the U.S. declared war against Great Britain. The conflict began over trade restrictions.1815 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Waterloo results in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time.1817 – London’s Waterloo Bridge opened. The bridge, designed by John Rennie, was built over the River Thames.1854 – Birth of E. W. Scripps, American publisher, founded the E. W. Scripps Company (d. 1926)
Darwin, l'uomo e la scimmia...
Darwin, l’uomo e la scimmia… (Photo credit: The PIX-JOCKEY (visual fantasist))
1858 – Charles Darwin receives a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that includes nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin’s own, prompting Darwin to publish his theory.1873 –Suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election.1898 – Atlantic City, NJ, opened its Steel Pier.1900 – Empress Dowager Longyu of China orders all foreigners killed, including foreign diplomats and their families.1901 – Birth of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1913 – Birth of Robert Mondavi, American winemaker (d. 2008)1918 – Allied forces on the Western Front began their largest counter-attack against the German army. (World War I)1923 – Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets.1925 – The first degree in landscape architecture was granted by Harvard University.1927 – The U.S. Post Office offered a special 10-cent postage stamp for sale. The stamp was of Charles Lindbergh’s “Spirit of St. Louis.”1928 – Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly in an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean (she is a passenger; Wilmer Stultz is the pilot and Lou Gordon the mechanic).1936 – Birth of Barack Obama, Sr., Kenyan economist (d. 1982)1936 – Death of Maxim Gorky, Russian author (b. 1868)1936 – The first bicycle traffic court was established in Racine, WI.1939 – The CBS radio network aired “Ellery Queen” for the first time.1940 – “Finest Hour” speech by Winston Churchill.1942 – Birth of Carl Radle, American bass player and producer (Delaney & Bonnie and Derek and the Dominos) (d. 1980)
Paul McCartney (and Wings)
Paul McCartney (and Wings) (Photo credit: slagheap)
1942 – Birth of Paul McCartney, English musician, singer and songwriter (The Quarrymen, the Beatles, Wings and the Fireman)1942 – Birth of Roger Ebert, American journalist, critic, and screenwriter (d. 2013)1942 – The U.S. Navy commissioned its first black officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson.1945 – William Joyce (“Lord Haw-Haw”) is charged with treason for his pro-German propaganda broadcasting during World War II.1947 – Birth of Bernard Giraudeau, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)1948 – Columbia Records publicly unveiled its new long-playing phonograph record, the 33 1/3, in New York City.1948 – Death of Columbia Records unveiled its new long-playing, 33 1/3 rpm phonograph record.1948 – The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted its International Declaration of Human Rights.1952 – Birth of Carol Kane, American actress, director, and screenwriter1952 – Birth of Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress1953 – The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 ends with the overthrow of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty and the declaration of the Republic of Egypt.1953 – Birth of Harvey Conover1959 – A Federal Court annulled the Arkansas law allowing school closings to prevent integration.1959 – Death of Ethel Barrymore, American actress (b. 1879)1959 – The first telecast received from England was broadcast in the U.S. over NBC-TV.1961 – “Gunsmoke” was broadcast for the last time on CBS radio.1961 – Birth of Alison Moyet, English singer-songwriter (Yazoo and The Vandals)1963 – Birth of Dizzy Reed, American keyboard player, songwriter, and actor (Guns N’ Roses and Johnny Crash)1967 – The Jimi Hendrix Experience made its debut performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in California.1972 – Staines air disaster: 118 are killed when a BEA H.S. Trident crashes two minutes after take off from London Heathrow Airport.1976 – ABBA performed for Sweden’s King and his Queen-to-be on the eve of their Royal Wedding.1977 – Johnny Rotten (Sex Pistols) was slashed on his face and hands by some kids armed with knives.1979 – President Jimmy Carter and Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna.1981 – The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, the first operational aircraft initially designed around stealth technology, makes its first flight.1982 – Death of John Cheever, American author (b. 1912)1982 – The U.S. Senate approved the renewal of the 1965 Voting Rights Act for an additional twenty-five years.1983 –Astronaut Sally K. Ride became America’s first woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger.1984 – Birth of Ash Lomen, American author.1986 – Death of Frances Scott Fitzgerald, American journalist and author (b. 1921)1996 – Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts.1998 – “The Boston Globe” asked Patricia Smith to resign after she admitted to inventing people and quotes in four of her recent columns.2006 – Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori was elected the first female presiding bishop for the Episcopal Church, the U.S. arm of the global Anglican Communion.2006 – The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched.2007 – The Charleston Sofa Super Store fire happened in Charleston, South Carolina killing nine firefighters.2009 – Greenland assumed control over its law enforcement, judicial affairs, and natural resources from the Kingdom of Denmark. Greenlandic became the official language.2009 – NASA launched the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter/LCROSS probes to the Moon. It was the first American lunar mission since Lunar Prospector in 1998.2011 – Death of Clarence Clemons, American saxophonist and actor (E Street Band) (b. 1942)2013 – Death of Michael Hastings, American journalist (b. 1980)???? – Birth of Tom Upton, American author.???? – Birth of Joley Singer???? – Birth of Stuart Young, American author.??? – Birth of Timothy Bradley 

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