TODAY June 17 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Bunker Hill Day (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Iceland from Kingdom of Denmark in 1944.
  • Soviet Occupation Day (Latvia)
  • West Germany, from 1954 to 1990, the Day of German Unity
  • World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought (International)
  • Zemla Intifada Day (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic)
 362 –  Emperor Julian issued an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.1239 – Birth of Edward I of England (d. 1307)1462 – Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia.1565 – Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru.1579 –  Sir Francis Drake claimed San Francisco Bay a land he calls Nova Albion for England. (California)1596 – The Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz discovers the Arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen.1603 – Birth of Joseph of Cupertino, Italian mystic and saint (d. 1663)1631 – Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, will spend the next 17 years building her mausoleum, the Taj Mahal.1673 – French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet reach the Mississippi River and become the first Europeans to make a detailed account of its course.1691 – Birth of Giovanni Paolo Panini, Italian painter and architect (d. 1765)1704 – Birth of John Kay, English inventor, invented the Flying shuttle (d. 1780)1775 –  The Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston during the Revolutionary War. American Revolutionary War: Colonists inflict heavy casualties on British forces while losing the Battle of Bunker Hill.1799 –  Napoleon Bonaparte incorporated Italy into his empire.1839 – In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace are established as a result.1856 –  The Republican Party opened its first national convention in Philadelphia.1861 –  U.S. President Abraham Lincoln witnessed Dr. Thaddeus Lowe demonstrate the use of a hydrogen balloon.1872 –  George M. Hoover began selling whiskey in Dodge City, Kansas. The town had been dry up until this point.1876 –  General George Crook’s command was attacked and defeated on the Rosebud River by 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne under the leadership of Crazy Horse.1877 – American Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – the Nez Perce defeat the U.S. Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.1882 – Birth of Igor Stravinsky, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1971)1885 –  The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City aboard the French ship Isere.1898 – Birth of M. C. Escher, Dutch illustrator (d. 1972)1901 – The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.1903 – Birth of Ruth Graves Wakefield, American chef, created the chocolate chip cookie (d. 1977)1927 – Birth of Wally Wood, American author, illustrator, and publisher (d. 1981)
spaceman magazine
spaceman magazine (Photo credit: blacque_jacques)
1928 –  Amelia Earhart began the flight that made her the first woman to successfully fly across the Atlantic Ocean.1930 –  The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill became law. It placed the highest tariff on imports to the U.S.1932 – Bonus Army: Around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.1933 – Union Station Massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash are gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.1939 – Last public guillotining in France: Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the Saint-Pierre prison.1941 –  WNBT-TV in New York City, NY, was granted the first construction permit to operate a commercial TV station in the U.S.1942 –  “Suspense” debuted on CBS Radio.1942 –  Yank, a weekly magazine for the U.S. armed services, began publication. The term “G.I. Joe” was first used in a comic strip by Dave Breger.1943 – Birth of Barry Manilow, American singer-songwriter and producer1943 – Birth of Newt Gingrich, American politician, 58th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives1944 – Iceland declares independence from Denmark and becomes a republic.1945 – Birth of Art Bell, American radio host and author
American funk musician George Clinton and his ...
American funk musician George Clinton and his band Parliament Funkadelic performing at the Capitol City Carnival in Centreville, Virginia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1947 – Birth of George S. Clinton, American songwriter1947 – Birth of Gregg Rolie, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Santana, Journey, and The Storm)1947 – Birth of Paul Young, English singer-songwriter (Sad Café and Mike + The Mechanics) (d. 2000)1950 –  Dr. Richard H. Lawler performed the first kidney transplant in a 45-minute operation in Chicago, IL.1951 – Birth of Joe Piscopo, American actor1957 – Birth of Phil Chevron, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Pogues and The Radiators From Space) (d. 2013)1958 – Birth of Jello Biafra, American singer-songwriter and producer (Dead Kennedys, The No WTO Combo, and Lard)
Jello Biafra
Jello Biafra
1958 – The Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing, in the process of being built to connect Vancouver and North Vancouver (Canada), collapses into the Burrard Inlet killing many of the ironworkers and injuring others.1960 – The Nez Perce tribe is awarded $4 million for 7 million acres (28,000 km2) of land undervalued at 4 cents/acre in the 1863 treaty.1963 – Birth of Greg Kinnear, American actor and producer1963 – The United States Supreme Court rules 8–1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against requiring the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord’s Prayer in public schools.1964 –  The Supremes’ “Where Did Our Love Go” was released. It became their first song to get to number one on the Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart.1965 –  The Kinks arrived in New York City to start their first U.S. tour.1965 –  Twenty-seven B-52’s hit Viet Cong outposts but lost two planes in South Vietnam.1966 – Birth of Christy Canyon, American porn actress1967 – Birth of Eric Stefani, American keyboardist, songwriter, and animator (No Doubt)1967 – The People’s Republic of China announces a successful test of its first thermonuclear weapon.1969 –  Charles Mingus came out of a two-year, self-imposed retirement to make a concert appearance at the Village Vanguard in New York City.1971 – President Richard Nixon declares the U.S. War on Drugs.1972 – Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burgling the offices of the Democratic National Committee, in an attempt by some members of the Republican party to illegally wiretap the opposition.1977 –  Steve Winwood released his first solo album, “Steve Winwood.”1980 –  Led Zeppelin began their last tour.1980 – Birth of Venus Williams, American tennis player1982 –  Former U.S. President Richard M. Nixon was interviewed by Diane Sawyer on “The CBS Morning News.”1985 – STS-51-G Space Shuttle Discovery launches carrying Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a Payload Specialist.1987 – With the death of the last individual of the species, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct.1991 – Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act which required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.1994 – Following a televised low-speed highway chase, O.J. Simpson is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.
1-Minute History | 6/17 | OJ Simpson Chase
1-Minute History | 6/17 | OJ Simpson Chase (Photo credit: CassAnaya)
1995 –  Rod Stewart set an attendance record for Wembley Stadium with a concert crowd of 90,000.2008 –  Hundreds of same-sex couples got married across California on the first full day that gay marriage became legal by order of the state’s highest court. (However, California voters banned gay marriage in November.)2008 – Death of Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer (b. 1922)2012 – Death of Rodney King, American victim of police brutality (b. 1965) 

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