TODAY June 15 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances • Arbor Day (Costa Rica) • Cagayan de Oro Charter Day (Cagayan de Oro City) • Day of Valdemar and Reunion day (Flag Day) (Denmark) • Earliest day on which Father’s Day can fall, while June 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Sunday in June. (United States, Canada) • Global Wind Day (international) • Mangaia Gospel Day (Mangaia) • National Salvation Day (Azerbaijan) • Statehood Day (Arkansas) • The first day of the month of Harh. (Sikhism) 763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that is later used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history. 923 – Death of Robert I of France (b. 866) Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy. 1184 – King Magnus V of Norway is killed at the Battle of Fimreite. 1215 – King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta. 1219 – Northern Crusades: Danish victory at the Battle of Lyndanisse (modern-day Tallinn) establishes the Danish Duchy of Estonia. According to legend, this battle also marks the first use of the Dannebrog, the world’s first national flag still in use, as the national flag of Denmark. 1246 – Death of Frederick II, Duke of Austria (b. 1219) With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria. 1330 – Birth of Edward, the Black Prince, English son of Edward III of England (d. 1376) 1381 – Death of John Cavendish, English judge (b. 1346) 1381 – Death of Wat Tyler, English leader of the Peasants’ Revolt (b. 1341) The English peasant revolt was crushed in London. 1389 – Battle of Kosovo: The Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians. 1389 – Death of Lazar of Serbia (b. 1329) 1389 – Death of Murad I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1326) 1502 – Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Martinique on his fourth voyage. 1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull Exsurge Domine. 1560 – Death of William Sommers, English jester (b.1525) 1580 – Philip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw. 1594 – Birth of Nicolas Poussin, French painter (d. 1665) 1607 – Colonists in North America completed James Fort in Jamestown, VA. 1640 – Birth of Bernard Lamy, French mathematician and theologian (d. 1715) 1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 1667 – Jean-Baptiste Denys administered the first fully-documented human blood transfusion. He successfully transfused the blood of a sheep to a 15-year old boy. 1752 – Benjamin Franklin experimented by flying a kite during a thunderstorm. The result was a little spark that showed the relationship between lightning and electricity. 1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army by the Second Continental Congress. 1776 – Delaware Separation Day: Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania. 1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, become the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon explodes during their attempt to cross the English Channel. 1804 – New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document. 1836 – Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state. 1844 – Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber. 1846 – The United States and Britain settled a boundary dispute concerning the boundary between the U.S. and Canada, by signing a treaty. The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca. 1849 – Death of James K. Polk, American lawyer and politician, 11th President of the United States died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 53 (b. 1795) 1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between United States and British/Canadian settlers. 1864 – Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres (0.81 km2) around Arlington Mansion (formerly owned by Confederate General Robert E. Lee) are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. 1877 – Henry O. Flipper became the first African American to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. 1878 – Eadweard Muybridge takes a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it runs; the study becomes the basis of motion pictures. 1888 – Death of Frederick III, German Emperor (b. 1831) Crown Prince Wilhelm becomes Kaiser Wilhelm II; he will be the last Emperor of the German Empire. Due to the death of his predecessors Wilhelm I and Frederick III, 1888 is the Year of the Three Emperors. 1896 – The deadliest tsunami in Japan’s history kills more than 22,000 people. 1898 – The U.S. House of representatives approved the annexation of Hawaii. 1902 – Birth of Erik Erikson, German-American psychoanalyst (d. 1994) 1902 – The 20th Century Limited, an express passenger train between New York and Chicago, began service. 1904 – A fire aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City’s East River kills 1,000. 1909 – Benjamin Shibe patented the cork center baseball. 1909 – Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord’s and form the Imperial Cricket Conference. 1910 – Birth of David Rose, English-American pianist, composer, and orchestra leader (d. 1990) He was the composer of “Little House on the Prairie” and “Bonanza”. He won four Emmys and 22 Grammys in his career, which spanned 65 years. 1911 – Birth of Wilbert Awdry, English author, co-created Thomas the Tank Engine (d. 1997) 1911 – The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. was incorporated in the state of New York. The company was later renamed International Business Machines (IBM) Corp. 1916 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter. 1919 – Captain John Alcock and Lt. Arthur W. Brown won $50,000 for successfully completing the first, non-stop trans-Atlantic plane flight when they reach Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.. 1923 – Baseball Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig made his major league debut with the New York Yankees. 1932 – Birth of Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York 1934 – The U.S. Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded. 1937 – A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak. 1937 – Birth of Waylon Jennings, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Highwaymen) (d. 2002) 1939 – Birth of Ward Connerly, American activist and businessman, founded the American Civil Rights Institute 1941 – Birth of Harry Nilsson, American singer-songwriter (d. 1994) 1941 – Birth of Neal Adams, American illustrator 1947 – Birth of Christopher Fowler, 1949 – Birth of Russell Hitchcock, Singer (Air Supply), turns 65 1951 – Birth of Steve Walsh, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Kansas and Streets) 1954 – Birth of Jim Belushi, Actor, comedian (“According to Jim”), turns 60 1955 – Birth of David Kennedy, American son of Robert F. Kennedy (d. 1984) 1955 – Birth of Julie Hagerty, Actress (“Airplane!”), turns 59
Julie Hagerty and Leslie Nielsen in the cockpi...
Julie Hagerty and Leslie Nielsen in the cockpit. The autopilot “Otto” on the left is typical of the film’s sense of humor, as is Nielsen repeatedly popping in to the cockpit at inopportune moments with good luck wishes. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1958 – The Platters sang “Twilight Time” on Ed Sullivan. 1963 – Birth of Helen Hunt, Actress (“Mad About You”), turns 51 1964 – Birth of Courteney Cox, Actress (“Friends,” “Cougar Town”), turns 50 1965 – Birth of Contessa Paxton Timmerman 1967 – Peter Green left John Mayall’s Blues Breakers to form Fleetwood Mac. 1968 – Death of Wes Montgomery, American guitarist (Montgomery Brothers) (b. 1925) 1968 – The Beatles’ announced the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi as a public mistake at a press conference in New York. 1969 – Birth of Ice Cube, American rapper, producer, and actor (C.I.A., N.W.A, and Westside Connection) 1969 – The variety show “Hee Haw” premiered on CBS. 1970 – Charles Manson goes on trial for the Sharon Tate murders. 1973 – Birth of Neil Patrick Harris, American actor, singer, and director 1974 – Paul McCartney & Wings announced the addition of Geoff Britton, who replaced Denny Seiwell. 1978 – King Hussein of Jordan married 26-year-old American Lisa Halaby, who became Queen Noor. 1981 – The U.S. agreed to provide Pakistan with $3 billion in military and economic aid from October 1982 to October 1987. 1983 – The U.S. Supreme Court reinforced its position on abortion by striking down state and local restriction on abortions. 1984 – Birth of Don Noble, American author. 1985 – Rembrandt’s painting Danaë is attacked by a man (later judged insane) who throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with a knife. 1986 – Pravda, the Communist Party newspaper, reported that the chief engineer of the Chernobyl nuclear plant was dismissed for mishandling the incident at the plant. 1989 – Public Enemy broke up after group member Professor Griff made anti-semetic remarks. They reassembled 2 months later. 1991 – In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th Century. In the end, over 800 people die. 1992 – The United States Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the United States to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries. 1992 – Vice President Dan Quayle erroneously instructed a Trenton, N.J., elementary school student to spell potato as “potatoe” during a spelling bee. 1994 – Israel and Vatican City establish full diplomatic relations. 1995 – Death of John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and inventor, invented the Atanasoff–Berry Computer (b. 1903) 1995 – During his murder trial, O.J. Simpson struggled to don a pair of gloves that prosecutors said were worn by the killer of Simpson’s ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman. 1996 – Death of Ella Fitzgerald, American singer and actress (b. 1917) 2004 – The iTunes Music Store was launched in France, Germany and the UK. 2006 – A divided Supreme Court made it easier for police to barge into homes and seize evidence without knocking or waiting. 2006 – Microsoft Corp. Chairman Bill Gates said he would transition from day-to-day responsibilities at the company to concentrate on the charitable work of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. 2007 – Bob Barker ended his 35-year run as host of the CBS game show “The Price Is Right.” 2008 – Death of Stan Winston, American makeup artist and director (b. 1946) 2010 – Devo released the album “Something for Everybody.” It was their first album in 20 years. 2011 – Death of Bill Haast, American herpetologist (b. 1910) 2012 – Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to successfully tightrope walk over Niagara Falls. 2014 – Death of Casey Kasem, American radio personality, musician, disc jockey, and actor (b. 1932) ???? – Birth of Joe Flynn

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