TODAY June 14 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances
  • Flag Day (United States)
  • Liberation Day (Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands)
  • Mourning and Commemoration Day or Leinapäev (Estonia)
  • Mourning and Hope Day in Lithuania.
  • Women’s Day (Iraq)
  • World Blood Donor Day (International observance)
Burl Ives photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 19...
Burl Ives photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1955. From the collection of the Library of Congress and in the public domain: (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1158 – Munich is founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the river Isar.1216 – First Barons’ War: Prince Louis of France captures the city of Winchester and soon conquers over half of the Kingdom of England.1276 – While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Song Dynasty court hold the coronation ceremony for the young prince Zhao Shi, making him Emperor Duanzong of Song.1285 – Second Mongol invasion of Vietnam: Forces led by Prince Tr?n Quang Kh?i of the Tr?n Dynasty destroy most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at Chuong Duong.1287 – Kublai Khan defeats the force of Nayan and other traditionalist Borjigin princes in East Mongolia and Manchuria.1381 – Richard II of England meets leaders of Peasants’ Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistance.1444 – Birth of Nilakantha Somayaji, Indian astronomer and mathematician (d. 1544)1479 – Birth of Giglio Gregorio Giraldi, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1552)1497 – Death of Giovanni Borgia, 2nd Duke of Gandia, Italian son of Pope Alexander VI (b. 1474)1667 – The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet in the Second Anglo-Dutch War ends. It had lasted for five days and resulted in the worst ever defeat of the Royal Navy.1775 – American Revolutionary War: the Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.  The Continental Army was founded by the Second Continental Congress for purposes of common defense. This event is considered to be the birth of the United States Army. On June 15, George Washington was appointed commander-in-chief.1777 – The Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the “Stars and Stripes” as the national flag of the United States. The Flag Resolution stated “Resolved: that the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.” On May 20, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson officially proclaimed June 14 “Flag Day” as a commemoration of the “Stars and Stripes.”1780 – Birth of Henry Salt, English artist, diplomat, and Egyptologist (d. 1827)1789 – Mutiny on the Bounty: HMS Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,600 mi) journey in an open boat.1789 – Whiskey distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.1801 – Death of Benedict Arnold, American general (b. 1741)1811 – Birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author and activist (d. 1896) Stowe, author of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” was born in Litchfield, Conn.1820 – Birth of John Bartlett, American author and publisher (d. 1905)1822 – Charles Babbage proposes a difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled “Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables”.1825 – Death of Pierre Charles L’Enfant, French-American architect and engineer, designed Washington, D.C. (b. 1754)1834 – Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.1834 – Isaac Fischer Jr. patented sandpaper.1840 – Birth of William F. Nast, American attaché, railroad executive and inventor, and father of Condé Nast (d. 1893)1841 – The first Canadian parliament opened in Kingston.1846 – Bear Flag Revolt begins – Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.1856 – Birth of Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (d. 1922)1864 – Birth of Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist (d. 1915)1872 – Trade unions are legalised in Canada.1893 – Philadelphia observed the first Flag Day.1900 – Hawaii becomes a United States territory.1905 – Birth of Arthur Davis, American animator and director (d. 2000)1907 – Norway grants women the right to vote.1909 – Birth of Burl Ives, American actor and singer (d. 1995)1914 – Death of Adlai Stevenson I, American politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1835)1917 – General John Pershing arrived in Paris during World War I.1919 – The first non-stop trans-Atlantic flight began. Captain John Alcot and Lt. Arthur Brown flew from Newfoundland to Ireland.1922 – Birth of Kevin Roche, Irish-American architect, designed Bank of America Plaza and the Central Park Zoo1922 – Warren G. Harding became the first president heard on radio, as Baltimore station WEAR broadcast his speech dedicating the Francis Scott Key memorial at Fort McHenry.1923 – Fiddlin’ John Carson recorded “The Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane”.1927 – Nicaraguan President Adolfo Diaz signed a treaty with the U.S. allowing American intervention in his country.1928 – Birth of Che Guevara, Argentinian-Cuban physician, author, and guerrilla leader (d. 1967)1928 – The Republican National Convention nominated Herbert Hoover for president.1936 – Birth of Renaldo Benson, American singer-songwriter (The Four Tops) (d. 2005)1937 – Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.1937 – U.S. House of Representatives passes the Marihuana Tax Act.1940 – World War II: The Nazis opened a concentration camp at Auschwitz in German-occupied Poland. A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.1940 – World War II: Paris falls under German occupation, and Allied forces retreat. German troops entered Paris. As Paris became occupied loud speakers announced the implementation of a curfew being imposed for 8 p.m.1943 – Birth of Mervyn “Muff” Winwood, Musician (Spencer Davis Group)1943 – The Supreme Court ruled schoolchildren could not be compelled to salute the flag of the United States if doing so would conflict with their religious beliefs.1945 – Birth of Rod Argent, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (The Zombies and Argent)1945 – Burma was liberated by Britain.1946 – Birth of Donald Trump, American businessman, founded the Trump Entertainment Resorts1947 – Birth of Barry Melton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Country Joe and the Fish and The Dinosaurs)1947 – Birth of Paul Rudolph, Canadian singer, guitarist, bassist and cyclist (Pink Fairies and Hawkwind)1949 – Albert II, a rhesus monkey, rides a V2 rocket to an altitude of 134 km (83 mi), thereby becoming the first monkey in space.1949 – Birth of Alan White, English drummer (Yes, Plastic Ono Band, White, and Circa)1949 – Birth of Harry Turtledove, American author1949 – Birth of Jim Lea, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Slade)1949 – The state of Vietnam was formed.1951 – “Univac I” was unveiled. It was a computer designed for the U.S. Census Bureau and billed as the world’s first commercial computer.1952 – The Nautilus was dedicated. It was the first nuclear powered submarine.1953 – Elvis Presley graduated from L.C. Humes High School in Memphis, TN.1954 – Americans took part in the first nation-wide civil defense test against atomic attack.1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words “under God” into the United States Pledge of Allegiance.1956 – Birth of King Diamond, Danish singer-songwriter and producer (Black Rose, Mercyful Fate, and Brats)1956 – Birth of Sam Irvin, American director, producer, and screenwriter1959 – A group of Dominican exiles depart from Cuba and land in the Dominican Republic with the intent of overthrowing the totalitarian government of Rafael Trujillo. All but four are killed or executed.1959 – Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opens to the public in Anaheim, California.1961 – Birth of Boy George, English singer-songwriter and producer (Culture Club, Bow Wow Wow, and Jesus Loves You)
Boy George
Boy George (Photo credit: lewishamdreamer)
1961 – Patsy Cline sustained serious head injuries and a fractured hip in a car accident in Madison, TN.1962 – The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris – later becoming the European Space Agency.1965 – A military triumvirate took control in Saigon, South Vietnam.1965 – Birth of Mike Scaccia, American guitarist (Ministry, Rigor Mortis, Lard, and League of Blind Women) (d. 2012)1965 – Paul McCartney recorded “Yesterday.”1966 – The Vatican announces the abolition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (“index of prohibited books”), which was originally instituted in 1557.1967 – Mariner 5 was launched from Cape Kennedy, FL. The space probe’s flight took it past Venus.1967 – The People’s Republic of China tests its first hydrogen bomb.1968 – Birth of Yasmine Bleeth, American actress1968 – Death of Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian author and poet, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1901)1969 – Birth of Steffi Graf, German tennis player1969 – Mick Taylor was introduced as the new guitarist for the Rolling Stones.1970 – Eric Clapton’s band, “Derek and The Dominoes,” made their live debut in Britain.1970 – Grand Funk Railroad spent $100,000 for a block long billboard in New York’s Times Square to advertise their album “Closer to Home.”1971 – In London, the first Hard Rock Cafe opened.1974 – Birth of Sutan Amrull, American drag queen performer and makeup artist1975 – Birth of Jason Ridler, Canadian-American author and professor.1980 – Death of Charles Miller, American saxophonist and flute player (War) (b. 1939)1980 – The movie “Roadie,” starring Meat Loaf, debuted.1981 – The “No Nukes” concert took place at The Hollywood Bowl.1982 – Birth of Luda Kroiter, Moldavian-born 5 time world salsa champion and Dancing with the Stars instructor1982 – Falklands War: Argentine forces in the capital Stanley conditionally surrender to British forces.1985 – A 17-day hijack ordeal began when a pair of Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists seized TWA Flight 847 shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece.1985 – Birth of Michael Floyd,1986 – Death of Jorge Luis Borges, Argentinian author and poet (b. 1899)1988 – The Fat Boys filed a $5 million law suit against Miller Beer and Joe Piscopo for using their likeness in a Miller Lite “Rappin “Fats” Piscopo commercial.1989 – Former U.S. President Reagan received an honorary knighthood from Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II.1990 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld police checkpoints that are used to examine drivers for signs of intoxication.1994 – Death of Henry Mancini, American composer and conductor (b. 1924)1994 – The 1994 Stanley Cup riot occurs after the New York Rangers win the Stanley Cup from Vancouver, causing an estimated CA$1.1 million, leading to 200 arrests and injuries.1995 – Death of Roger Zelazny, American author (b. 1937)1995 – Michael Jackson appeared on TV with his wife Lisa Marie Presley in a live interview with Diane Sawyer.2002 – Actor Kirk Douglas received the UCLA Medal. The award is presented to people for cultural, political and humanitarian achievements.2002 – American Roman Catholic bishops adopted a policy to bar sexually abusive clergy from face-to-face contact with parishioners but keep them in the priesthood.2002 – In Lubbock, TX, a power failure ended a Britney Spears concert after only two songs.2002 – Near-Earth asteroid 2002 MN misses the Earth by 75,000 miles (121,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.2007 – Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declared an emergency after the Hamas militant group effectively took control of the Gaza Strip.2009 – Death of Bob Bogle, American guitarist (The Ventures) (b. 1934)???? – Birth of Tony N. Todaro, American author and founder of Great Los Angeles Writers Society.???? – Birth of Airika Sneve, American author.???? – Birth of Stephen Jay Schwartz, American author.???? – Birth of Julie Rudolph, American author. 

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